Essays on Challenges Facing Organizations - General Electric Case Study

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The paper "Challenges Facing Organizations - General Electric " is a perfect example of a management case study. The global business environment has changed a lot in the recent past and thus, the business environment has become so competitive for many business outfits globally. The changing business environment presents a lot of challenges in leading these corporations into the future and therefore, new strategies for operating these organizations should be devised. Most of these challenges are on a global scale such as global recession, climate change, terrorism and technological change which require transformative leadership to ensure these organizations overcome these challenges. Challenges facing organizations Organizations face several challenges but these challenges are related to lack of prudent leadership within an organization.

Proper organizational leadership ensures that strategies within an organization are undertaken in a planned manner with the assignment of tasks for all the interested parties. As a result, teamwork is important in the implementation of organizational tasks which is better managed by prudent leadership (Schwartz 2008). A research conducted on organizational challenges came up with this list of challenges that need to be looked into to ensure organizations transcend their problems.

These challenges are related to leadership as outlined; Leading a Team: Organizations comprise of different departments which require talent in the implementation and management of these organizational teams. Organizational teams comprise of different people with diverse personalities and cultures and thus, conflicts are common among organizational teams. This concept is more profound within multinational organizations which operate in diverse environments (Golembiewski 2005). Managing Internal Politics: Organizations face a lot of internal infighting which affects the implementation of organizational strategies. As a result, prudent leadership is required to ensure the diplomatic solution to these problems and issues. Innovation: Technological advancements in the world are changing at a fast pace and thus, a lot of organizations have been left out in the race to adopt new technologies.

Global organization face a problem of transmitting innovation upon their employees and therefore, innovation should be managed and handled in a proper manner to ensure change and innovation (Miller, 2011). Managing Change: every organization has to adapt to change and ensure that it manages the same in a prudent manner.

Change management ensures an organization can adapt to the changing business environment with ease and ensure business continuity (Griffin, 2009). Leadership Concepts Due to the challenges that organizations face it is imperative to ensure that leadership models are developed for the implementation of sound strategies to tackle these challenges. Leadership within organizations is influenced by great personalities and leaders who were able to transform their organizations into global brands such as Bill Gates, Rupert Murdoch or Steve Jobs. These leaders exhibited different characteristics as outlined; Trait theory: this is a leadership style whereby an organizations inspiration for leadership from the traits developed the organization’ s leader.

The necessary traits are; intelligence, adjustment, extraversion, openness and self-efficacy (Beham 2013, p. 98). Behaviours and style: a leadership style where behaviours and style are summed up based on dictatorship, democracy and laissez-faire. These styles had an influence on organizational performance with democratic leadership performing best. Functional theory: this is a style of leadership whereby all the needs of the followers are assessed based on needs and the leaders ensure that these needs are fulfilled (Romanenko 2012). Transactional theory: a leadership model whereby a leader punishes or rewards subordinates based on performance.

Within this model, there are goals which are defined and taught by the leader to subordinates to ensure implementation of these goals. Transformational theory: this is a model where the leader focuses on a big goal or vision and ensures the subordinates are motivated towards this goal. The leaders within this model need to be visible, accessible and yearn for new ideas which could be used to transform the organization (Alyson 2007, p. 35). Environmental theory: the environmental model ensures that a leader utilizes psychology and self-awareness to foster growth within groups where members bring out the best within each other.

In essence, the leader creates a culture and thus, motivates and excites other people by inspiring them to complete since they are not only required to do so but it will benefit the group (Lang 2007). Situational and contingency theory: this model advocates for the development of traits and behaviours of leaders based on situations since there is no better way to lead. As a result, authoritarian leadership is good for the crisis while democratic leadership is good for consensus building and laissez-faire is best for subordinates who are experienced and trained in a prudent manner.

References

Alyson, W 2007, “Delegation of Authority, Interdependence, and Productivity: Managing Writing Response Groups through an Organizational Approach”, Sociological Focus, Vol. 40, pp. 34-39.

Beham, ‎B, Straub, ‎C and Schwalbach J 2013, Managing Diversity in Organizations, John Wiley & Sons, Lowell.

Golembiewski, R 2005, Managing Diversity in Organizations, Allen & Unwin, New York.

Griffin, ‎R and Moorhead G 2009, Organizational Behaviour: Managing People and Organizations, Gower Publishing, London.

Lang, P 2007, Managing Cultural Diversity: An Empirical Examination of Cultural Networks and Organizational Structures as Governance Mechanisms in Multinational Corporations, Routledge, Boston.

Manz, C, Bastien, D and Hostager, T 2010, “Executive Leadership during Organizational Change: A Bi-Cycle Model”, Human Resource Planning, Vol. 14, pp. 82-86.

Miller, K 2011, Organizational Communication: Approaches and Processes, Kogan Page Publishers, Chicago.

Romanenko, A 2012, Cultural Diversity Management in Organizations, Pelshiver, San Francisco.

Schwartz, M and Gimbel K 2008, Leadership Resources: A Guide to Training and Development Tools. Center for Creative Leadership, Newnes, Boston.

Senthil, M, Wheeler, K, Simmons, J and Bret L 2011, “Self-Managing Work Teams: Enhancing Organizational Innovativeness”, Organization Development Journal, Vol. 23, pp. 41-48.

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