Essays on The New Public Management and Its Principles Literature review

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The paper “ The New Public Management and Its Principles” is a worthy example of the literature review on   management. Today, there is a new prototype of public management called the “ New Public Management” (NPM) which came into use at the beginning of the 1990s to describe the type of reforms being carried out within the public sector in countries such as the United Kingdom (UK). Basically, the NPM can be thought of as a form of management that is used for structuring changes within an organization. According to Hood (1991), he defined the NPM as a move to create an organization which was based on professional management modalities and some doctrines should be followed including: an emphasis on hands-on professional management skills for active, visible, discretionary control of organizations (freedom to manage); explicit standards and measures of performance through clarification of goals, targets, and indicators of success; a shift from the use of input controls and bureaucratic procedures to rules relying on output controls measured by quantitative performance indicators; Thus, with the NPM, there is an increase in the usage of private companies and semi-governmental bodies in carrying out public services together with those delivered by the traditional government bodies.

This can also be seen within local governments where there is now competition to tender goods or services. In the UK, the “ Competing for Quality” is a market reform using NPM principles to extend its services into the central government whereas the “ Private Finance Initiative” in the central and local government was formed to increase the utilization of private investment in order to provide certain public services paid for by taxpayers. Some the areas of provision include health, education and even the building and maintenance of roads. New Public Management in HealthcareRecords as early as the 1980s have shown that emphasis and changes have been made within healthcare systems not only within the UK but globally in order to reform the way management as well as administration is being carried out (Dent, 2003).

Additionally, governmental organizations have also been trying to extend the scope of management, the ability to actually market their services and to have a greater control over input and output levels (McKee and Healy, 2002).


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