The paper 'Global Employment Relations' is a great example of a Management Essay. According to Bean (1994), increased interest in 'comparative international industrial relations' is partly due to the growing interdependence of economics resulting from globalization. Similarly, Katz (2000) asserts that 'the field of international employment relations has come alive again' as a result of the 'growing importance of world markets and regional trading blocs, the remarkable political transformations in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, the advancing Asian economies and the speed with which organizational and technology innovations cross national boundaries'.
The paper analyzes, to what extent global employment relations have become more important than comparative employment relations? Since the onset of neoliberal globalization, labor has become under pressure globally as an effect of the growing transnational organization of construction and the associated deregulation of state labor markets, which have permitted wealth to play personality national labor factions off against each other. The evolution of the global market economy is most frequently offered as the rationale for the UK Government skills policy, and for similar policies adopted by many other national governments.
The argument used explains that the best and most appropriate support that a government can offer its citizens is to ensure that they have the skills and knowledge to be employable (Leitch, 99). This was clearly set out in the UK Government Skills Strategy White Paper with the claim that: The global economy has made largely extinct the notion of a "job for life". The imperative now is employ-ability for life' (DfES para. 3) This suggests that global competition will determine the industrial composition of the world economy and consequently the types of jobs that are available (DIUS, 2007). The same global pressures are also exercising an effect on the size, the character, and the practices (culture) of increasing the number of-workplaces.
Workplace surveys in the UK and in Canada (Livingstone, 215; Marginson et al. , 222) identify a number of similar tendencies. Among the more obvious are: i. There appears to be a global adoption of a similar work process or the way of doing things. Local culture is increasingly giving way to global culture (Babson, 1995; Jarvis, 2007). ii. The pressure to maximize financial returns in the private sector is mirrored by the pressure to reduce costs in public services (Blackburn, 21). iii.
There is an increase in supervisory control, frequently through changes in work organization, and the increased use of interactive new technology (which interrogates the user. iv. There is increasing insecurity of managers and employees because of the growing influence of venture capital (Munck, 104-114; Blackburn, 22). The net effect of these developments is for the work process to be increasingly transparent (to managers and supervisors) and aided by technology. The Needs of Industry The dramatic growth in global unemployment between 1978 and 1988 sharpened the debates about vocational preparation (Esland, 1991).
A succession of quite different policy initiatives engaged comparative labor into schemes of work placement and work preparation. In 1983 Gleeson had described these schemes as 'educating young people for the social order' (Gleeson, 1983). This was echoed in a critical essay by Esland (1991), and paraphrased by Island.
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