The paper "The Role of the Manager in an Organisation's Ethical Policies and Practice" is a good example of a management literature review. Carol (2000 p. 550) argues that sports can be described as all types of activities which, through informal or structured participation, intend to use, maintain or improve fitness and offer entertainment to participants. Sports are often competitive, where winners are selected objectively. Sports are varied, ranging from those for single participants, all the way to those with through several participants. Though sports are usually based on physical athleticism, non-physical activities, such as board games and card games are at times referred to as sports.
Sports have changed over time from the original intention in ancient times to the present. It has evolved from a casual, entertaining, and participatory activity into a structured, competitive, and profitable one. Several factors have influenced this progression of the sport. The biggest factor attributed to this evolution is urbanization together with vast population growth. Other factors credited with this change are the varying currents within this profession coupled with the latest advancements both on and off the playing field.
This has resulted in an all-time increase in, the popularity of sports. It has been argued that the sport was born out of play. According to Bob (1999 p. 260), play can be described as a free activity comprised of rules, a need to play, freedom and imagination. Even, though, sports have evidently evolved over the years, the majority of these changes have been physical changes. The fundamental nature of the sport has not been lost over the years. Factors such as competition, activity, performance, rivalry are still present.
It is safe to assume that these words are inseparable from sports. The evolution and growth of sports have necessitated sport management. Sports management refers to the field of education and vocation relating to the business facet of the sport. Some examples of sport managers include college sports, managers event management, recreational sport managers, sports economics, sports marketing, facility management, sports economics, sports information and sport finance. John (2005 p. 490) describes a sports manager as a person who works with the sportsperson or a team to guarantee them the very best career opportunities by making sure that they receive the best training, play and compete with the best teams as well as remain motivated.
A sports manager differs from a sports agent in the sense that a manager works with the athlete on matters touching on sports while agents are concerned with contracts and salary issues. He notes that most sports managers have far-reaching experience in team management, business management. Some even have experience working as coaches or trainers in a given sport. While some sports managers may have acquired specific certifications or degrees others, have had to work up through the ranks to management positions within teams or organizations. Matthew(2001 p.
370) argues that it is necessary for sports managers to be knowledgeable on how to manage people, have a clear understanding of the sport and keep up with current trends in the sport. Additionally, they have to be exceptional communicators, and there should be strong networks between players, coaches, trainers and other stakeholders involved in sport. Sports managers are the hands-on managers for teams and play a crucial role in booking games, running schedules and reading teams for games by ensuring that they are in top shape to compete.
Carol, A and Mary, H (2000). Principles and Practice of Sport Management, Jones and Bartlett
Bob, S. (1999). Principles and Practice of Sport Management, Butterworth-Heinamann, London.
John, B. (2005). The Business of Sports Management, Pearson Education (Harlow), Essex.
Matthew, N. (2001). Sport and social capital, Elsevier/Butterworth-Heinemann, London.
Paul, M. (2002). Sport and social capital, 1, pp (256-300).
Richard M, Kathryn G, and Jamieson M, (1998). Recreational sport management. London.
Robert N.and David C. (2003). Applied sport management skills, United sports academy.
Pedersen, Paul, Parks, Janet, Quarterman, Jerome, Thibault and Lucie (2000). Contemporary
Sport Management, human kinetics Champaign, USA.