The paper 'Management Theories and Incident Handling - Montara Oil Spill " is a good example of a management case study. Oils spills are a common occurrence in the world today. The effects of such disasters are long-term and touch on different environmental aspects. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill, popularly known as the BP oil spill started on 20 April 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico; and its effect have since been felt in human life, aquatic life as well as on other aspects of the environment. The spill occurred on the Macondo Prospect owned by the BP and operated by Transocean.
The explosion, as well as the sinking of the Deepwater Horizon rig, resulted in a sea-floor oil mass movement that flowed for about three months. Eleven people were reported missing and the incident is considered one of the largest oil spills in history. There was a discharge of more than 4.9 million barrels of oil. The well was reportedly sealed on 19 September 2010 after several failed attempts, even though there emerged reports in 2012 indicating that the well site was not completely sealed and it was still leaking.
Part of the problem was as a result of the incompetence of the employees, who placed little emphasis on their job (Kevin, M. 2015). In Australia, a major oil spill was experienced on 21 August 2009. The Montara wellhead platform drill rig was the company behind the oil spill. The company is owned by PTTEP Australasia. It suffered a wellhead accident that resulted in too much discharge of oil and gas, which was stopped at the start of November the same year.
The Australian Maritime Safety Authority was in charge of the response and coordinated it in accordance with the National Plan to Combat Pollution of the Sea by Oil and other Noxious and Hazardous Substances. Other stakeholders in the management of the disaster were the Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Art and the company itself. The similarity between the two incidents is the involvement of employees in the occurrence of the oil spill and the role they played in the management and response activities after the event (Birtles, B.
2012). Management of the Montara oil spill was classified into two categories: Immediate short-term activities and weather dispersants. Immediate short-term activities included management activities that were meant to reduce the effects of the spill on the environment, including people and the aquatic environment. Weather dispersants were used to help reduce the effects of the oil spill on the atmosphere. People and aquatic life in the area were temporarily moved while possible causes of the leak were sealed. Attempts were also made to recover oil and at the end of it all, the emergency response was considered successful.
Success was specifically at the marine parks of Cartier and Ashmore Reefs, as well as the NW Coast of Western Australia (Birtles, B. 2012). The existence of many organisations in the management of the oil spill illustrates the complexity of disaster management activities in many organizations. This is a problem that is not only in Australia. The National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority (NOPSEMA), the Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA)- a government agency in charge of enhancing efficiency in environmental protection as well as the Australian Marine Oil Spill Centre (AMOSC); combined their efforts with the affected company, keeping in mind the number of employees in the named organizations.
Communication was critical to the process of management of the oil spill. A framework was put in place to integrate industry and government efforts to effectively respond and manage such incidents that caused marine pollution and casualties (Birtles, B. 2012)
ReferencesThe paper 'Management Theories and Incident Handling - Montara Oil Spill " is a good example of a management case study. Oils spills are a common occurrence in the world today. The effects of such disasters are long-term and touch on different environmental aspects. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill, popularly known as the BP oil spill started on 20 April 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico