Effective Leadership StylesAbstractThe search for leadership characteristics has been going on for many centuries. Many researchers and academicians have researched vastly on qualities of leadership. For many centuries, studies on leadership have been based on personal traits perspective. Later in the mid 21st Century, a series of other reviews on leadership styles emerged giving researches a new driving force in leadership studies. As improvements continue to be made to studies pertaining to leadership styles, theories have shifted from situational and contingency approaches, attribute pattern approaches to recent behavioral and styles theories such as group leadership styles which are more involving but effective that previous styles.
Leadership is well understood if viewed from the perspective of leadership categories and leadership styles. Successful leaders don’t stick to specific leadership style, but mix various styles to suit different situations. Good leadership has positive effect to follower’s performance and the organization. Bad leadership styles de-motivating and result to poor performance and incomplete tasks. It is important for leaders to be able to understand the type of people they are leading, the mission of the organization and be able to link this to their leadership styles.
This paper defines leadership, and describes various leadership styles looking into impacts of good and bad leadership styles. IntroductionLeadership is the ability an individual has to influence, motivate and enable others to successfully contribute to the organisations they belong to effectively. Regardless of how one defines leadership, it still involves vision. When a leader has a vision, the entire group is able to achieve its goals successfully. According to Zastraw (2010) a leader is any person who has authority in an organisation.
For an organisation or group of people to be successful, they require leaders who are able to set and communicate goals. This inspires the followers and facilitate for change within the organisation. There are many types of leaderships, which leaders can apply in their leadership roles. The most attributed include leadership styles are transformational and transactional leadership. As much as leaders can practice specific type of leadership, it does not limit them from other styles of leadership. According to Dr. Linus Pauling a two times winner of the Nobel Prize (2001), the best way to have a good and effective idea is to have plenty of it.
Leaders should choose the most appropriate type of leadership style, at the right time. Good leader should be able to see different gifts and talents in other people and value the diversity of thoughts from each member in the group. This makes a leader to better understand and utilize the difference in people within a group or organisation (Natalicchio, 2009, p. 22). Leadership can be defined in many ways. However, the best way is to look into the categories in leadership and various leadership styles.
Leadership can be categorized into transactional and transformational leadership. Looking into various styles as provided by many scholars in their themes seeking to define leadership is similarly important. This paper discuses leadership, defining various leadership styles and theories that leaders can put into use, in order to lead an organisation or a group of people towards achieving a set goal.