Essays on Debt to Equity Ratio, Direct Cost & Indirect Cost Assignment

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The paper "Debt to Equity Ratio, Direct Cost & Indirect Cost" is a perfect example of a finance and accounting assignment. It is not necessary that the net profit equals the increase in bank balance because business units allow customers to use cash as a mechanism of payment. Further, some drawings might have been made from the bank which doesn’ t affect the net profit. The fair value accounting would have made assets to be revalued. (Fair Value Accounting, 2010) But the historical principle requires disclosing assets at the purchase price.

(Historical Cost, 2010) The company is following the latter and this helps to reduce fluctuations in the value each year. An asset that is used over a period of time wears down and the value reduces. The amount by which the value falls is depreciation. (Depreciation, 2010) Organizations have a separate account as accumulated depreciation so that the amount charged as depreciation can be entered here so that when the asset becomes obsolete replacing it becomes easy. Crediting the value to the asset will be against “ the historical cost principle of disclosing the asset at cost” .

(Historical Cost, 2010) It will also further lead to various fluctuations creating confusion. Since the payment of insurance was for personal use it cannot be considered a business transaction. The entry for a personal payment as insurance will be recorded as drawings in the balance sheet and will reduce owners’ capital. The profit which is ascertained after all the direct expenses related to a product is charged is gross profit. Net profit is the final profit which is arrived after all the expenses have been charged. (Net Profit, 2010) Gross profit thus considers direct cost and net profit indirect cost.

The most important for the firm is net profit as it is the final figure which the business has though gross profit also has a lot of relevance. Part B Costs which are directly identified to a product is direct cost whereas cost which is identified to the process and not identified to the product is an indirect cost. (Direct Cost, 2010) Since manufacturing cost can be easily identified to the product it is a direct cost. Work in progress is goods which are neither finished nor raw material but have been worked upon and further working will it will result in it to be converted to finished goods.

It is to be treated as current assets.

References

Debt to equity, (2010), “Debt to equity ratio”, retrieved on September 30, 2010 from http://www.valuebasedmanagement.net/methods_debt_to_equity_ratio.html

Depreciation, (2010), “Depreciation”, retrieved on September 30, 2010 from http://www.accountingcoach.com/online-accounting-course/11Xpg01.html

Direct Cost, 2010, “Direct Cost & Indirect Cost”, retrieved on September 30, 2010 from http://www.marcbowles.com/courses/adv_dip/module7/chapter8/amc7_ch8one4.htm

Fair Value Accounting, (2010), “Fair Value Accounting”, retrieved on September 30, 2010 from http://www.valuebasedmanagement.net/methods_fairvalue.html

Gross profit Margin, (2010), “Gross Profit Margin”, retrieved on September 30, 2010 from http://www.bized.co.uk/compfact/ratios/profit3.htm

Historical Cost, (2010), “Historical Cost”, retrieved on September 30, 2010 from http://moneyterms.co.uk/historical-cost/

Little K, (2010), “Understanding Inventory turnover ratio”, about.com Guide, The New York Times Company

Net Profit, (2010), “Net Profit”, retrieved on September 30, 2010 from http://www.investorwords.com/3259/net_profit.html

Ward S, (2010), “Is Your Business Sick: Current Ratio”, about.com Guide, the New York Times Company

Variable Cost, (2010), “Variable & Fixed cost”, retrieved on September 30, 2010 from http://economics.fundamentalfinance.com/micro_costs.php

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