Management Information systemsIntroduction: Computers in the contemporary day and age are an integral element of the information processing within a given organization given the fact that they have the powers of the technology to back them and the increasing volumes of data that need processing. The application of computers to information processing began in 1954 when one of the first computers was programmed to process payroll. Today, computerized processing of transaction data is a routine activity of large organizations. Moreover, the capability to automate information processing has permitted an expansion in the scope of formalized organizational information use (Turban, 2009).
The challenge at present in the issue of processing information is to make usage of the abilities of the computing information systems so that knowledge could be supported, along with making decisions inclusive of managerial activities. The diversity of computer resources to execute business processing, to offer processing for a formal reporting and information system, along with the achievement of the managerial-decision support are known as the organizational management information system or MIS. Management Information systems: The aims and the execution of the management information systems within an organization make it necessary that there be identification of information requirements.
The requirements for routine transaction processing tend to be stable and relatively easy to identify; information requirements for management and decision making activities are more changeable and more difficult to define. A management information system wuld help access organize summarize and display information for supporting routine decision making in functional areas. One would have to understand in this context that it is difficult if not impossible to arrive at a singular decision on the definition of the process that defines the management information system (Davis, 2001).
There are those that would define it as an “integrated, user-machine system for providing information to support operations, management and decision-making functions in an organization” (Davis, 2001). The system utilizes computer hardware and software, manual procedures; models of analysis and planning, control and decision making and a database. The fact of the matter remains that an integrated system is not connoted by a singular, monolithic arrangement; rather, it means that the varying aspects of the system design fit into a larger design pattern.
A traditional view of information systems in the context of corporate management holds that these are utilized by organizations in controlling and monitoring processes and and in ensuring efficiency and competence (Stair, Reynolds, and Reynolds, 2009). An information system can be used as a feedback mechanism by ensuring that information from a given system is transformed significant data for employees. This could be done by the information being summarized in terms of the work of the given subsystems. These can be used in the long run to change definitions on how the system operates.
This again could involve the use of various raw materials the design of novel processes in terms of change of product or even the development of new products ad services (outputs). By this opinion therefore, the IS is exterior to the procedure and serve to watch and manage it.