The paper 'HIV/AIDS as a Social and Medical Problem" is a good example of medical science coursework. Education has been identified by experts as the most basic social tool that will lead to the improvement of living standards across the world. Towards this objective, international agencies and bodies established an international platform known as Education for All (EFA) to ensure that basic education was delivered to every society and the subsequent benefit for the society’ s members. EFA is a program that was conducted within various nations with the assistance of international donors and agencies which directly cooperated with the internal administration.
The program was established in 1990 and had a time limit of 2015 where its objectives would have been achieved. However, due to the slow process in the adoption of the program's policies, several meetings were conferred to reassure the members of achieving the pre-determined objectives (Baker & Wiseman 2007). Objectives of EFA The program’ s objectives were identified as expanding basic education infrastructure and improving on the quality of education provided to children. This was aimed at ensuring access to education for the most marginalised within the community.
Secondly, the program was to ensure complete access to education by the ethnic minorities and especially the female child through offering free basic education. Although basic education is free, quality has to be maintained and improved over time. The third objective addressed the fairness and equality aspect of the adopted education system. Educational needs of the entire population had to be met irrespective of personal, physical or cultural differences. Access to education had to be ensured for all and the learning objectives of each student had to be achieved.
These objectives were to be achieved through effective learning programs where students could acquire knowledge and capabilities to improve their livelihoods and contribute to society. Fourthly, the program targeted to increase literacy levels by 50 per cent by the end of 2015 and improving educational access for adult learners. EFA’ s fifth objective aimed at ensuring equitable access to education through the identification and abolishment of gender-based barriers. Children from both genders were to equitably access to educational facilities and resources by the end of the program.
The last objective aimed at improving the quality of the overall education system where learning outcomes were to be established and measured to review the achievements of the individual learners (Unesco 2007). The EFA complement the Millennium Development Goals (MDG’ s) which heavily rely on the increased knowledge and capacities of individuals towards achieving the preset objectives. The MDG’ s strive towards reducing global poverty levels and increasing access to basic social utilities and amenities. In achieving the MDG’ s, EFA assists in ensuring adequate access to educational resources which have a direct impact on the learners.
Substantial gains have been made by implementing the EFA although numerous challenges still exist resulting in the inability to fully achieving the program’ s objectives. The gains include increased access to basic education as well as literacy levels across nations. On the other hand, financial and physical barriers, as well as HIV/AIDS, have proved to be quite a challenge for the program to fully achieve its objectives (Niekerk & Kopelman 2005).
Baker, D & Wiseman, AW 2007, Educ. For All: Global Promises & National Challenges, Emerald Grp Pub., New Jersey.
Foster, G, Levine, C & Williamson, J 2005, A Generation at Risk: The Global Impact of HIV/AIDS on Orphans & Vulnerable Children, Cambridge UP, Cambridge.
Garcia, M, Pence, AR, World Bank & Evans, JL 2008, Africa's Future, Africa's Challenge: Early Childhood Care & Dvlpmnt in Sub-Saharan Africa, World Bank Pub., Washington.
Moore, M & Forst, ML 1996, AIDS Educ.: Reaching Diverse Populations, Greenwood Pub. Grp, Boston.
Mishra, RC 2005, Hiv/Aids Educ., APH Pub., Detroit.
Niekerk, VA & Kopelman, LM 2005, Ethics & AIDS in Africa: The Challenge to Our Thinking, New Africa Bks, Michigan.
Oduaran, AB, Omolewa, M, Bhola, HS & Adekanbi, G 2006, Widening Access to Educ. as Social Justice, Springer Pub., Denver.
Rao, DB 2003, World Educ. Forum, Discovery Pub. Hse, South Carolina.
Satpathy, GC 2003, Prevention of HIV/AIDS & Drug Abuse, Gyan Bks, Michigan.
Unesco 2002, Educ. For All: Is the World on Track? Unesco, New York.
Unesco 2007, Educ. For All: Will We Make It? Oxford UP, Oxford.
Unesco 2000, Educ. For All & Children Who are Excluded. Thematic Studies-World Educ. Forum, Unesco, Paris.
World Bank 2002, Educ. & HIV/AIDS: A Window of Hope, World Bank Pub., Washington.