@2012Introduction Airports are a vital component of the air transport system. This is because they provide the entire infrastructure required to enable freight and passenger transfer from the surface to various destinations. In addition, airports allow the take off and landing of airlines. Airports are also significant in enhancing the growth of trade and commerce. Management is a crucial aspect in airport operations. According to Young and Wells (2011) managing an airport is like being a city mayor. Equivalent, to a city, an airport consists of various infrastructure, users, rules, workers, management strategies and regulations.
Consequently, airports operations have to be managed effectively. In the recent years the air transport industry has witnessed rapid expansion, with an increase in the number of both domestic and international passengers and freight. This particular paper seeks to evaluate various aspects of airport operations in the Istanbul city. The airports to be examined are Istanbul Аtаtürk and Sаbihа Gоkçеn. ” The scope of the analysis will be grounded on examining the consequences of physical design and capacity limitations on Istanbul Atatürk airport. In addition the paper will also evaluate the strategy adopted by both Atatürk and Sabiha Gokçen air posts.
Lastly the paper will propose a suitable strategy for the Istanbul Atatürk airport. Consequences of physical design and capacity limitations for Istanbul Ataturk airportThe Istanbul Atatürk airport is Turkey’s window to the world. Approximately 700-730 planes land and take off from the airport each day. Furthermore, in each day, approximately 82,000 passengers use the airport. With the rapid expansion of air transport and the increase in international air traffic, Istanbul Atatürk has experienced physical design and capacity limitations.
The airport has over the years initiated expansion initiative in order to deal with the rapid growth and demand for air transport. For instance in 2009, Istanbul Atatürk airport embarked on the expansion of domestic and international Terminals. The project also involved the expansion of the passenger bridges and the out door packing facilities to a capacity of 1.250 vehicles. Although the airport embarked in expansion initiatives in order to accommodate the increase in demand for air services, physical design and capacity limitations is still an existing constraint (Oxford Business Group, 2009).
There are various consequences of the physical design and capacity limitations Istanbul Atatürk airport. The physical design limitation for Istanbul Ataturk airport has a number of consequences. One of the major consequences is that it hinders the expansion of terminals. Ataturk Airport has four terminals, namely terminal 1, terminal 2, terminal 3 and terminal 4. Terminal 1 is for domestic flights, terminal 2 is for international flights, terminal 3 is for cargo and terminal 4 is the general aviation terminal. Ataturk airport’s international terminal building was initially expanded in 2004, following an increase in the number of passengers.
It is believed that in the year 2001-2004 the passenger handling capacity of Ataturk airport was increased from 12 million to 20 million passengers per year. The terminal building was approximately 264,000m2. The following data shows the physical design of Ataturk international airport in 2004