The paper 'Global Production Network for Gap Inc" is a good example of a management case study. The term Global Production Network (GPN) is applied to describe the production systems of the present age with the characteristic feature of processes of production involving multiple organizations across several nations. There are different and varied legal forms that link the firms through global production networks. The exchanges among the businesses are established in such a way that the subordinate or franchisees abroad are not owned legally by the parent company that only outsources production.
Global value chains characterize the contemporary world economy through trading and intermediate products and services are divided and globally spread processes of production (UNCTAD 2013). The Global Production Networks change the market associations businesses to quasi-production from trade unions without risking ownership (Henderson et al. 2002). Gap Inc. is one of the firms that employ the mechanism of GPN in its general business activities (Sayım et al. 2011). Gap Inc. is a clothing and accessories retailer headquartered in San Francisco, California United States. The first store was founded by a real estate developer Donald Fisher and his wife Doris Fisher in 1969.
Donald was excited by the notion of selling clothing in chain stores. The founder was primarily interested in attracting the generation of young customers with a desire for durable, comfortable, and cheap apparel such as jeans. The company grew from just a single store to make its presence globally as a business fashion with some brands that are appealing to the clients; intermix, Athleta, Old Navy, Banana, and Gap. 2.0. The types of labor creating the product or service at the different points in the GPN of a GAP Inc Gap Inc.
has become one of the largest widespread apparel retail businesses. The firm produces and supplies its products and brands in many parts of the world with more than one hundred and fifty thousand employees running over three thousand stores. The labor is widespread according to global production network theory. Because of the extensive activities of the company from production to transportation to the warehouse and future consumption by the customers, there is the need and utilization of labor at every stage.
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