The paper "Global Distribution of Labor in the Coffee Global Production Networks " is an outstanding example of marketing coursework. Global Production Networks (GPNs) are collaboration and contestation among multiple actors who include industry associations, non-governmental organizations, international and state agencies, and firms each with their own agendas and interests. Ethical sourcing has, in the recent past, drawn increased attention to work conditions, prices, and corporate practices regarding the coffee supply chain. The ideological, political, and economic systems of GPN are related to social responsibility and ethical perspectives of coffee buyers and farmers (Levy, 2008).
Moreover, contentious social concerns arise from consumption patterns, labor practices, and different incomes linking GPNs throughout the disparate regions. This essay analyses the Global Production Network (GPN) of coffee and examines the beneficiaries of this structure of GPN. The analysis of the GPN comprised the types of labor that go into creating coffee at the different points in the GPN, and how it is distributed globally. Finally, the essay describes the institutional arrangements that best explain the structure of coffee GPN. Specifically, it assessed the distribution of the coffee value chain throughout the GPN and identified the beneficiaries of its structure. Global distribution of labor in the coffee Global Production Network The globalization of production has engendered ethnic, gender, and class inequalities through an international division of labor.
Although Fair Trade and organic coffee highlight the worst forms of corporate practices in the coffee GPN, it still fails to address the use of banned pesticides, lack of access to potable water among workers, peasant eviction and forced or bonded labor (Newman, 2009). Similarly, the use of labor-saving technologies, high competition from off-shore sourcing, and weakened unions have steepened inequalities in the coffee GPN.
Coffee consumed around the world comes mostly from sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, and Asia. The industrialized economies happen to be the largest consumers of the coffee is produced largely in developing countries. Coffee requires labor-intensive manual work especially during growing and harvesting (Neilson & Pritchard, 2007). Farmers have been struggling to pay school fees, medical bills, and feed their families because coffee prices have fallen below the costs of production. As a result, most coffee growers tend to involve their school-going children in coffee production to increase family income by taking on casual farm jobs or by working on their family farm.
Labor exploitation has been an imminent situation caused by a lack of price stability for coffee (Newman, 2009). To earn a small income, workers and their families have limited choices but to work in dangerous or exploitative conditions.
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