The paper 'Humanitarian Organization Analysis of United Nations International Children Emergency Fund" is a good example of a management case study. SOS Children’ s Village USA, (n. d.) findings, globally, about 153 million children from infants to teenagers are either partial orphans with one parent or total orphans. Of these, 17.9 million are orphans following the demise of their parents after being overwhelmed by the HIV/AIDS epidemic and the majority are from Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. More than 7 million of the 153million children have had a chance to be enrolled in institutional care globally, that means other children still have not been able to access such care.
Additionally, one in every five children in developing nations (SOS Children’ s Village USA, n.d. ) suffers from severe malnutrition and is severely underweight. Overall, more than one billion children lack at least one of the basic necessities such as sanitation, food, and water. In 2011 statistics show that about 19,000 children under five died every single day. Further, about 22 million children have been displaced due to natural disasters or violence and forced to escape their homes and are supported as refugees in various countries.
Significantly, about 1 billion children are a citizen within countries where armed conflicts is a norm, and about 67 million children of school-going age have no access to primary education. Currently, in general, there are many children who have undergone a various form of torture globally with domestic violence being common with about 20%-60% children suffering from domestic violence being reported globally (SOS Children’ s Village USA, n.d. ). Realizing the dangers that children and teenagers are exposed to that comes as a result of orphaned, HIV/AIDS, violence, domestic violence, disaster-stricken areas and other calamities, this essay will critically focus on the UNICEF and its roles in supporting children in need and teenagers, evaluate its sponsors, its challenges and evaluate its strengths and weakness. UNICEF italics stand for United Nations International Children’ s Emergency Fund.
UNICEF has been in the spotlight for over 70 years serving the children and working to ensure every child all over the world feel wanted and cared for. Among the many roles that UNICEF undertakes, one of them is to promote children wellbeing and their rights.
Currently, UNICEF works in 190 nations with the ultimate objective of spreading and translating the roles in saving the child within their actions, with a special interest reaching excluded and vulnerable children, and ensure all children globally benefit from their (UNICEF, 2016). During development, children can be exposed to various forms of stressors that may cause long-term or short-term suffering and affect their lie in the long run. Stress is as the connectivity of a person with his/her environment, and the environment can be said to be exceeding his resources or demanding or putting the person’ s life in danger (Schwarzer, Schulz & Berlin, 2001).
According to the Center for Disease Control (2014), stressful life events predispose children to live plenty of vulnerability and affect their growth and development. Some of the stressors that children face include domestic violence, sexual abuse, illnesses and natural disaster. Referred to as the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE), the experiences remain main risk factors to ill-health and early mortality among children as well as poor quality of life both in developed and developing countries.
Figure 1, shows how childhood experiences affect children growth and future development (CDC, 2014). Owing to the significance of children growing in a stressing environment, UNICEF approach to child support is based on a life-cycle approach. In their model, UNICEF emphasizes the need the early childhood support going beyond childhood to touch the adolescent needs. Realizing the scarce resources and increasing need any growing child, UNICEF central focus is on disadvantaged children, which includes children with disabilities, children affected by degradation of the environment and rapid urbanization (UNICEF, 2016).
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Center for Disease Prevention and Control, (2014). Injury Prevention and Control: Davison of Violence Prevention. Retrieved 3/11/2016 from, http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/acestudy/index.html
Clarinval, C. & Biller-Andorno, N. (2014). Challenging operations: an ethical framework to assist humanitatrian Aid workers in their decision-making process. PLoS Curr, 23(6).
Evaluation Office, (2004).UNICEF’s Strengths and Weaknesses. a summary of key internal and external institutional reviews and evaluations conducted from 1999-2004. Retrieved 3/11/2016 from, http://www.unicef.org/evaldatabase/files/Strengths_final_jan_2005.pdf
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Schwarzer, R., Schulz,U. & Berlin, F.U. (2001). The Role of Stressful Life Events. Retrieved 3/11/2016 from, http://userpage.fu-berlin.de/health/materials/lifeevents.pdf
SOS Children’s Village USA, (n.d.). Children’s Statistics: Why You Should Help the Children. Retrieved 3/11/2016 from, http://www.sos-usa.org/our-impact/childrens-statistics
Teamwork: Components of an Effective Tea, (nd.). Retrieved 3/11/2016 from, http://www.lmi-inc.com/articles/teamwork_components.pdf
UNICEF (2013). Annual Report 2013. Retrieved 3/11/2016 from, http://www.unicef.org/publications/files/UNICEF_Annual_Report_2013_web_26_June_2014.pdf
UNICEF (2015). UNICEF’s Corporate Partnerships. Retrieved 3/11/2016 from, http://www.unicef.org/corporate_partners/index_24525.html
UNICEf (2016). About UNICEF. Retrieved 3/11/2016 from, http://www.unicef.org/about/who/index_introduction.html