Part A Question TwoManagement style is described as the existence of certain distinctive outlined guidelines, written principles or set out parameters meant to act as a signpost for management action in the way employees can be treated as well as how particular events can be handled too. A management style is perceived to be akin to individual business policies and its strategic derivatives. There two dimensions associated with various kinds of management styles. From the three types of industries mentioned by Boxall (2003, pp. 12-13), the kind of management style which could be more suitable for one of the three types mentioned and in this case thus manufacturing industry is Democratic management style.
In this kind of management style managers allow the employers to participate in decision making process hence a certain action is based on the vote of the majority. Democratic management style therefore allows extensive communication from both directions thus from the subordinates to the top managers and vice versa. This kind of style is very effective for manufacturing sector as it gives the employees any opportunity to contribute to the company’s success.
Moreover, this style tends to utilize both dimension of a good management style which encourages employee participation as well as involvement. From this it is clear that this kind of management style utilizes the interconnections of two dimension of management style which include; Individualism in which a firm seeks to develop and encourage each employee’s capacity and role at work. This kind of management style dimension has the aim of nurturing employee’s talents and worth. In this kind of management dimension it is very much important to put more emphasizes on the need of line managers managing people irrespective of where he is placed whether it is in production, finance or any other personal position.
In this kind of dimension it is important that attitude surveys be carried out regularly as a way of assessing the employee efficiency and development (Purcell, 1987). The other kind of management dimension is Collectivism in which the employees are given a chance to participate in decision making process. It is important that critical aspects of collectivism be put in place such as democratic structures which can allow the employees to be represented by certain trade union officers (Purcell, 1987). This kind of leadership style usually put some trust in the employees hence making them more responsible when it comes to decision making process and examples could be installation of new plant, development of new product among others.
In such of leadership employees will delegate duties among themselves without necessarily requiring the manager to observe and follow them from time to time. This kind of management style is concerned with work being done hence it is usually associated with some form of responsibility.
Though work is usually delegated within the employees themselves, the employee should prove that he or she is competent enough to handle the task before undertaking the task. Given the fact that manufacturing industry is a type of industry that requires constant changes for it to be more effective as well as keep in pace with other competitors democratic type of management style is very much essential in a manner that it gives an opportunity to the managers as well as employees to discuss issues affecting the firm more frequently.
The discussion may involve frequent meetings on how certain organizational projects or tasks should be carried out hence giving the employees an opportunity to discuss how they want to complete the tasks and when to complete them (Boxall, 2003). This gives each and every individual an opportunity to say his or her views before task can commence. Additionally, problems identified are easily discussed between the employer and the manager until a solution is arrived at. Though, this style is very much effective, it requires excellent communication between the employer and employee’s hence developing team work in within the workers.
Moreover, the decision making process may be delayed as this kind of management style requires the consensus of the workers.