Essays on Decent Work and Other Industrial Relations Matters Coursework

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The paper "Decent Work and Other Industrial Relations Matters" is a perfect example of management coursework.   The definition of a Decent Work is an association of wage earners who organize for the principal purpose of maintaining or improving conditions of work, hours of labor, length of annual leave or wage rates. They join together as they have more bargaining power in a union than as individuals. This gives them significant right in the labor market and the ability to manipulate it by restricting the supply of labor through strikes and exercising very powerful bargaining power in wage negotiation The differing views of the ‘ actors’ in ER (unions, employers, the state) ILO is an exemplary institute bring Governments, Employers and workers closer to one another for the development of decent work in its member countries.   Decent Work and  Other Industrial Relations Matters Decent Work Unions play an integral part in their industrial relations systems.

Decent works have been in existence in Australia since the mid-1850s and have been about unifying workers to campaign for and defend their rights. They can negotiate on behalf of the worker about wages, working hours, holidays or changes to working practices and follow up issues like back pay, overtime and unfair dismissal where the union represents you at the industrial tribunal.

Australian Bureau of Statistics data shows that union members can earn a massive 15.1% more than non-members (ILO, Decent Work, International Labor Office, Geneva, 2000) Also, an individual who takes an employment claim to an industrial tribunal more than doubles their chances of success if represented by a union. Unions can also provide members with support, benefits, financial advice and insurance. Out of numerous wins of Decent Work, the most recent being the 6th May 2003 Minimum Wages case where award workers are presented with a $17.00 per week increase - after-tax it is equal to an increase of $15 per week.

The new federal minimum wage of $510.40 per week shows that low paid workers are getting left behind, and Australian society is becoming more unequal. As a society, Govt. needs to decide if decent workers want fair wages, or low-paid, insecure jobs. This is why decent work unions have such a major role to play in supporting the victims of inequality in Australia.

Their previous Minimum Wages case, on the 8th of May 2002, saw Australia's 1.7 million low paid workers receive an $18 per week pay rise. This increased the Federal minimum wage from $433.40 per week to $453.40 per week. The people on award wages need these increases to keep up with rising interest rates, pharmacy costs and insurance - they need real wage increases to keep up with Australian standards of living. The ways in which people's voices can be heard is a crucial aspect of decent work.

For workers, the classic route to representation and dialogue is through trade union organization, but if decent work is to include work beyond wage labor, it must also encompass other forms of organization, at the community level, for instance, or of the self-employed. The organization of employers is equally important. The institutional framework within which these voices are heard - the framework for collective bargaining or for local-level decision-making, for instance - determines to a large extent whether common goals can be identified and agreements reached.

It is through social dialogue that widespread support for the other three dimensions of decent work may be built. But as a recent ILO report on this issue shows, there remain major gaps in social dialogue around the world.

References

Development Forum on productive employment and decent work, UN, New York, 8-9 May 2006

Lee, S. and McCann, D. (2006) ‘Working Time Capability’

Rodgers, G. (2006) ‘Labor Market Flexibility and Decent Work’, Presentation at UNDESA C. Van Beers, Labor Standards and Trade Flows of OECD Countries, The World Economy 21 (1) (1998), 57-73.

Standing, G. (2002) Beyond the New Paternalism: Basic Security as Equality, Verso, New York.

Hall, Richard (2006) ‘Australian Industrial Relations in 2005

Pocock, B. (2006) Jobs, Care and Justice: A Fair Work Regime for Australia.

International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, Various years, Annual Survey of Violations of Trade Union Rights, Brussels (2004).

Lee, S. and McCann, D. (2006) ‘Working Time Capability: Towards Realizing Individual Choice’, in Boulin, J.Y., Lallement, M, Messenger, J. and Michon, F (eds) Decent Working Time: New Trends, New Issues, ILO, Geneva,

Lindley, Worldwide Projections of the Economically Active Population: An Evaluation of the ILO Methodology, STAT Working Paper: International Labor Office, 2000.

Sappey R., Burgess, j., Lyons, M and Buultiens, J. (2006) Industrial Relation in Australia

Martin and K. Maskus, Core Labor Standards and Competitiveness: Implications for Global Trade Policy, World Bank Development Research Group Report, Draft, October 4, 2000.

OECD, Trade, Employment and Labor Standards: A Study of Core Workers' Rights and R.

R. Freeman, International Labor Standards and World Trade: Friends or Foes? In: The World UNIDO, World Industry in 1980, United Nations, New York, 1981. Accessed on 04-05-2007

http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/relm/ilc/ilc87/repi.htm#the%20ILO%20Declaration%20on%20Fundamental%20Principles%20a

Australian Industrial laws and freedom of political expression: The Occupational Health & Safety (Commonwealth Employment) Amendment Bill 2005

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