Article critiqueIntroductionLeadership is the relationship where one person may influence the decisions of other members in a group. Kangis and Kelley (2000) show that leaders act as agents that communicate the organizations missions and objectives to their team members. They also motivate them through effective coordination in order to ensure that the organizational goals are effectively achieved. Leaders use various methods of ensuring that goals are achieved. These techniques include resolution of issues, selection and implementation of action plans. This study evaluates the effects of leadership roles on team effectiveness article by critically evaluating and analysing the strengths and weaknesses of the article in terms of style, problem definition, methodology and analysis.
First, the introduction in this article does not show what the article is all about but analyses the roles of leaders. The information at the introduction stage is starting with a negative format for example it states that leadership must not only be able to formulate a plan that would work within the organisation, they must also be able to implement this plan within a distinctly social context. This sentence first is not original and it is not flowing grammatically.
There is also no problem experienced in order to conduct the study of leadership roles. The researcher should have first introduced the study by showing the problem statement and the objectives of the study. This contains the aim of the study and how the method that will be used in analysing the variables. Literature reviewThe article talks about trait theory, behavioural theory and contingency theory. The study shows that the three theories involves the study of leadership but does not show how these theories are applied in leadership skills.
After mentioning the theory the article then talks about the traditional leadership studies which the writer says that they have adopted two approaches. These approaches include trait and behavioural approach. The article does not discuss how trait approach was used in traditional leadership but shows that a leader can direct his members for organizational goals thanks to his physical and psychological characteristics. This statement first is not grammatically right and does not shows what trait approach involves in leadership skills. The writer says that the studies assume that leadership traits differentiate leaders from other members of the organisation.
The explanation in this statement is not right instead the writer would have shown the particular traits that make up an effective leader. There are many grammatically wrong sentences for example saying that “several researches in that period concentrated to identify a set of personality trait such as appearance, intelligence, self reliance and persuasiveness”. The sentence would have been that various studies conducted at that period showed a set of traits connected to leadership effectiveness such as leadership intelligence, self reliance and persuasive, however the researchers never showed a list of traits associated with leaders only.
The behavioural approach is also not well explained for example according to the article it suggests that effective leaders influence their fellow members through their behavior. First the approach can not suggest but one can put in as the behavioural approach assumes that leaders influence their team members through their personal behaviours for example where leaders act like role models to their team members.