Hypertension – Article Example

Hypertension Hypertension Risk Factors of Hypertension Hypertension or arterials hypertension also called high blood pressure is referred to as a chronic condition for medicine that involves an elevation of the artery’s blood pressure. The disease has a lot of risk factors. Age is one of the risks factor because high blood pressure risk increases with age. For, example women developed hypertension after menopause. In respect to race, hypertension is common for black than in white people. Black people develop complication such as heart attack and stroke. The family history is another risk factor, since it sometimes runs in families. Obese or overweight attracts hypertension. People with more weight need a lot of blood for the purpose of nutrients and oxygen supply. Individuals who are not physically active mostly have higher heart rates. Use of tobacco is another risk factor because the chemical in tobacco damages artery wall’s lining. A lot of salt also makes the body retain fluids that cause blood pressure increase. Alcohol taking can also damage individual’s heart leading to hypertension. Stress can also cause temporary blood pressure increase. Other risk factor include taking diets with little vitamin D and potassium and certain chronic condition (NHS Choices, 2014).
Prevalence
According to Nationals Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHNES), in 2009, hypertension rate in America was 37 % in men against 40.1 % in women. The report by Healthy People 2020 shows that, in 2013, adults about 20 % to 25 % in America were suffering from hypertension. In that 20 % to 25 % about 90% to 95 % were suffering from primary hypertension (NHS Choices, 2014).
Mortality Rate
According to NHNES report, in America hypertension claims lives of about 26,634 people in each year. The report also shows that the death rate per 1,000 people suffering from hypertension is 18.1 % (NHS Choices, 2014).
Reference
NHS Choices (2014). High Blood Pressure (Hypertension). Retrieved April 23, 2012, from http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/blood-pressure-%28high%29/pages/introduction.aspx