Essays on National and European Socialization of Negotiators Literature review

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The paper 'National and European Socialization of Negotiators' is a great example of a Politics Literature Review. In the 21st century, this question takes on an added significance and urgency to pose particularly on account of the unprecedented social, economic, cultural, technological, and political developments. Specifically, a political development that is pertinent to our topic is the formation of supra-national institutions – together with multi-nation states, a confederation of a sovereign state, multi-national federation, a federation of nation-states, etc. -- as resultant of the sweepingly fast process of globalization.

And coming together with this development – as if, the other side of the coin – the territorial nation-states are observably becoming increasingly irrelevant. While this issue has aroused principally the minds of philosophers, sociologists, political scientists, and government analysts as they grapple with the different concepts of nationhood, national consciousness, nation-building policies, and the like, our intent in this paper is simply to sketch as in broad strokes the general threads of ideas related to this matter (in order to better understand the context of doing international business. )Literature ReviewThe nation-state in modern times is essentially a country with an integrated economy, a national market, and a co-extensive political structure.

Without a national market, nationhood is empty of power. There may be a state, but it will definitely not be a nation-state. After 1648, with the Treaty of Westphalia, only were their nation-states (in the modern sense of the word). Before this epoch, there were only city-states, duchies, principalities, Papal States, etc. ; and the people knew no sense of nationalism or national loyalty as they were loyal to royalties or to the church, but not necessarily to a nation (Toffler 2002).

Since these times, nation-states have remained the central actor in the international political stage. More or less five centuries later, however, nation-states have started to show many signs that its powers have already been diminishing in today’ s world (Melamed 2002). These signs are – among others – the becoming less important of the national markets and national economies as global markets and the global economy – as well as regional markets and economies and even local markets and economies – growing more important (Ohmae 1996).

References

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