Essays on Deep Water Horizon Explosion Coursework

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The paper "Deep Water Horizon Explosion " is an outstanding example of business coursework.   This explosion, as well as the subsequent fire that followed the explosion, took place on the deepwater horizon oil drilling unit. This project was operated by the Transocean Company and the drilling as for the BP Company. The site of the explosion was Macondo prospect oil field about sixty kilometres southeast of the state of Louisiana coast (Water 2011). This was the biggest environmental and health disaster to happen to the United States. It killed eleven people and wounded sixteen more persons.

The explosion was such big that it caused the deepwater horizon to burn and subsequently to sink. The explosion and sinking of the deepwater horizon lead to a massive oil spill on the offshore coast in the Gulf of Mexico. This incident is considered the largest marine oil spill in the world because of the oil spill. It was estimated that 4.9 million barrels of oil spill on the ocean thereby posing a big problem to the marine animals (Houck 2010). The blowout of the drilling facility and the subsequent oil spill was caused by a flawed well plan that did not include enough cement the production casing and the protective casing.

The presumed blowout preventer failure was important but it was a secondary issue to the cause of the explosion. The resulting oil spill had grave environmental implications with the resulting efforts to prevent the flow of oil being fruitless and in effect. The companies involved with the project are said to have received a prior warning on the condition of the project. They were advised to ensure that they put the necessary measures in place in order to prevent the ignition and blowout of natural gas coming out of the oil well.

The natural gas became too strong for the cement and eventually blew out. This resulted in the explosion (Diercks et al. , 2010). Why the Incident Is a Critical WHS Incident There was no regular monitoring, in addition, the hot work permits were not used to control the ignition sources. The WHS states that if the internal combustion engines must be shut down within the defined by the management of natural resources as well as the electrical code.

The deepwater horizon oil drilling unit was a higher classification and classified as class one division two of high classification. As such, the company controlling the operations of the project should have an effective method of engine shut down whenever there was an ignition. The employees are in record saying that they were to shut down all hot works in case there was ignition if natural gas coming from the drill site. However, the company failed to put in place effective ignition control to prevent explosion (Liu et al. , 2011). There was a danger of natural gas causing explosion because there were much deposits of natural gas from the drilling site.

The company-new of these developments as the employees reported there was more natural gas coming out much more than was forecasted by the company. Even after being aware of these dangers, the companies running the project did not institute measures to control and prevent the natural gas and thereby exposing the employees to work health and safety. As a result, the natural gas caused the explosion and eleven employees lost their lives and sixteen more were seriously injured.

This was a controllable happening but the company failed to act upon the revelation of the problem. This was a serious WHS to both employees working in the facility and a life-threatening menace for the aquatic animals (De Gouw et al. , 2011).

References

Chuah, M., & Rai, G, 2003, U.S. Patent No. 6,665,718: Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Cleveland, C., Hogan, C. M., & Saundry, P, 2010, Deepwater Horizon oil spill: The Encyclopedia of Earth.

De Gouw, J. A., Middlebrook, A. M., Warneke, C., Ahmadov, R., Atlas, E. L., Bahreini, R., ... & Watts, L. A. 2011, Organic aerosol formation downwind from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill: Science, 331(6022), 1295-1299.

Diercks, A. R., Highsmith, R. C., Asper, V. L., Joung, D., Zhou, Z., Guo, L., ... & Lohrenz, S. E. 2010, Characterization of subsurface polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at the Deepwater Horizon site: Geophysical Research Letters,37(20).

Frick, K., Jensen, P. L., Quinlan, M., & Wilthagen, T. 2000, Systematic occupational health and safety management: perspectives on an international development. Pergamon Press.

Houck, O. A. 2010, Worst Case and the Deepwater Horizon Blowout: There Ought to Be a Law, Tul. Envtl.LJ, 24, 1.

Liu, Y., Weisberg, R. H., Hu, C., & Zheng, L. 2011,tracking the Deepwater Horizon oil spill: A modeling perspective: Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 92(6), 45-46.

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Water, D. 2011,the gulf oil disaster and the future of offshore drilling: Report to the President [of the USA].

Zacharatos, A., Barling, J., & Iverson, R. D, 2005, High-performance work systems and occupational safety:Journal of Applied Psychology, 90(1), 77.

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