The paper "The Role of Transport within the Supply Chain" is an outstanding example of a business literature review. A supply chain refers to a stream of procedures of moving products or goods from customer order through production, supply raw materials stage and distribution of goods to the consumer. All companies have supply chains of different degrees, depending on the size of the company and the form of goods manufactured. These networks acquire components and supplies, transform the materials into the finished product and distribute them to customers. Transportation acts as the key function is the supply chain because it acts as a physical link amid suppliers and customers, enhancing the movement resources and materials.
Modes of transportation include air, rail, trucking and road. These modes act as links between manufacturers, distributors, consumers, retail stores and suppliers. The operation of transportation within the supply chain determines the effectiveness of moving products. Role of transport within the supply chain Transportation as a link between suppliers, distributors and customers Transportation acts as a link between different players in the supply chain such as suppliers, distributors and customers.
Transportation is a vital connection in the entire supply chain and has become a significant concept for companies in the twenty-first century. Transportation might be envisaged as the glue that aims at holding the supply chain together. According to Coyle and Novack (2010), the dynamics of the shifting business environment are being propelled by a series of exterior factors that entail supply chain integration, technology, consumer empowerment and government policy and regulation. Globalization is often connected to be a key external factor influencing organizations and the way in which they compete, along with their connected supply chains. Technology has transformed how companies market their goods and services.
In addition, technology has had a key influence the organization of supply chains and distances over which these supply chains operate in linking the international points within the supply chain. In modern days, consumers have been enlightened and empowered through education and access to information from the internet and other forms of social media. This empowerment and power enhance them to access sources of the supply chain on a huge market base and pressurize supply chains to offer value price relations that they anticipate (Coyle, & Novack, 2010). The most efficient supply chains are one that has effectively responded to empowered consumers through the use of transport systems that deliver goods in a manner that achieves the particular needs of consumers.
Transportation is a pervasive and significant element in the economy and it influences almost every individual indirectly or directly. Transportation bridges several activities involved in the supply chain through enhancing the movement of raw materials and finished product from one location to another and from one person to another.
Transportation service is a very fundamental aspect for the selection of a certain model that operates amid the point of origin of a product and the point of consumption of the product(Hugos, 2006). The dimension of the mode of transportation that is selected entails reliability, security and accessibility. These factors are considered on the basis of their cost along with the actual cost of transportation itself in choosing a certain model Brewer et al (2001) note that products and goods are transported amid diverse stages in the supply chain.
Transportation greatly influences both efficiency and responsiveness of the supply chain. Faster transportation permits the supply chain to be highly responsive. Transportation is an important point within the logistic chain since it connects diverse activities. Transportation joins different stages of the supply chain through moving products from the manufacturer to final consumers and vice versa. Transportation, as a process, joins all the schemes of offering raw materials to, from the organizations and to the suppliers of transmission products. It highly depends upon the provision of logistics from the raw materials to networks such as transfer process, handling of material from the start to the ending of sale and production (Hugos, M, 2006).
Hazen, J., & Lynch, C., 2008, The role of transportation in the supply chain, Routledge, London.
Coyle, J., & Novack R, 2010, Transportation: A supply chain perspective, Cengage Learning, New York.
Stank, T., & Goldsby, T., 2000, A framework for transportation decision making in an integrated supply chain, Supply chain management: An International Journal, 5(2), 71-78.
Naim, M., Potter, A., Mason, R., & Bateman, N, 2006, The role of transport flexibility in logistics provision The International Journal of Logistics Management, 17 (3), 297-311
Brewer, A, Button, K, & Hensher, D, 2001, Handbook of logistics and supply chain management, Elsevier Science Ltd, UK.
Stroh, M, 2005, A practical guide to transportation and logistics, Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
Liu, J, 2009, Supply chain management and transport logistics, Routledge, London.
Hines, T, 2004, Supply chain strategies: Customer driven and customer focused, Elsevier, Oxford.
Chopra, S. & P. Meindl, (2004), Supply Chain Management: Strategy, Planning, and Operation, Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
Hugos, M, 2006, Essentials of supply chain management, 2nd Edition, Wiley & Sons, New York.