Essays on Child Labor and Globalization in Developing and Industrialized Countries Coursework

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The paper "Child Labor and Globalization in Developing and Industrialized Countries" is a great example of business coursework. There is no specific answer to the question that seeks to establish the link between child labour and the concept of globalization in developing and industrialized countries. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), child labour involves work that denies children their childhood, potential, and dignity endangering their physical and mental development. The concept of globalisation is very elusive as it is understood in different contexts by different people. Usually, it means the economy becoming more global as developing countries become part of the very worldwide economy.

As world economies go through the process of globalisation and trade liberalization, the issue of children involved in employment continues to raise a lot of controversies. Child labour is a commonly discussed issue in present economic literature since it exposes children to socio-economic problems mental and physical health. However, understanding the link between child labour and globalisation is not an easy task because of cultural and societal differences across countries. The arguments developed in these reports seek to establish the relationship between child labour and globalisation across economies. The trend of global child labour at the present time Although there is a reduction in cases of child labour due to various pressures, the extent of global child labour is still disappointing.

According to the ILO statistics, more than 306 million children aged between five and seven years were employed across the globe in 2008. Among the children employed in both developing and industrialized countries, most of them are boys. Also, child labour among children aged between five and seventeen years reduced by 7 million between 2004 and 2008.

The reduction was mostly evidenced in the number of girls aged five to fourteen years. However, there was an increase in the number of children in employment for both boys and girls in the age bracket of fifteen to seventeen years, by over ten million. There is an increased prevalence of child labour in the Asian-Pacific region. It is estimated that over 215 million children are in employment worldwide, more so between the ages of five to seventeen years.

Out of this number, 113.6 million children were reported to be working in the Asian-Pacific region. Most of the South Asian countries are seen to be responsible for an increase in child labour across the world. Available statistics by ILO indicate that over 23.1 million children, out of 337.46 million with aged between five and fourteen years, work in South Asia (Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh). However, children performing domestic tasks are not part of the estimation. The African continent is documented to encounter the highest incidence of child labour with over 25.3 percent of children having been reported to be in employment in 2008.

Also, most girls employed at this period were exposed to hazardous work, and over twenty million were reported to be less than twelve years. There is variation in the employment of children in different sectors both in developing and industrialized countries across the world. According to ILO, 60 percent of children aged between five and seventeen years are employed in the agricultural sector, 26 percent in the services sector while only 7 percent are employed in the industry.

However, 7 percent are not represented. More boys are employed in agriculture and industry sector compared to girls. In addition, more girls work in the service sector compared to boys. Although child labour is seen to be decreasing according to world statistics, studies based on regions reveal increased participation of children in employment in various sectors as economies grow.

Bibliography

Acaroglu, Hakan, and Ozcan Dagdemir. "The effects of globalization on child labor in developing countries." Business and Economic Horizons 02 (2010): 37-47.

Davies, R.B. and Voy, A. “The Effect of FDI on child labour.” Journal of Development Economics, 88 (2009): 59-66.

Dinopoulos, E. and Zhao, L. “Child labour and globalisation.” Journal of labour Economics, Vol. 25 (2007): 553-79.

ILO . “Global child labour developments: Measuring trends from 2004 to 2008.” Geneva. 2010.

Jueterbock, Daniel Markus. Exists a linkage between the exploitation of children, as a source of labour, and globalisation in both developing and industrialised countries?. GRIN Verlag, 2012.

Khanam, R. and Rahman M.M. “Child labour in developing countries: the role of education, poverty and birth Order.” Journal of Social and Economic Development, July-December, (2008): 173-95.

Lieten, G. K. "Globalisation and child labour: Possible consequences." International Conference ‘‘Child Labour within the Context of Globalisation: Problem Outline and Action Points’’, Hattingen, Germany. 2003.

Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur, and Rasheda Khanam. "Child labour: the effects of globalisation." Journal of Applied Business and Economics 13.4 (2012): 59-71.

Went, Robert. “Less Growth, More Inequality: What’s Wrong With Globalisation.” The Indian Journal of Labour Economics. Special Issue on Globalisation and Social Exclusion, Volume 46, No 3. 2003.

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