The paper "Explaining the Causes of Performance Outcomes" is a perfect example of business coursework. Weiner’ s attribution theory is aimed at examining the way individuals make an evaluation of theory success or failure in sporting performance. It has a casual explanation for events with the emotional and behavioral repercussions for the explanations (Weiner, 1985). Let us look into the casual explanations in the following situations in sport; A team that consistently wins has just lost a game For this situation, the loosing of the game may be attributed to the opposing team is tough that they exploited their weaknesses such that this team never played to their expected standards and therefore the loss.
Secondly, there is also the attribution of effort i. e. how difficult the game was to them due to the ability of their opponents considering that as individuals they had control over these elements. Thirdly, it may be explained by the attribution of bad luck as well as the referee being in favor of the other team. They are the external causes that can casually explain why the consistently winning team lost in a game.
On the other hand, it could be attributed to the team that has just won being in good form in the recent past; having strengthened their self-esteem for instance. A team tends to lose has just won the game For this situation, the attribution of this team’ s success can as well be explained casually by the fact that they have been in good form recently which has led to their self-esteem being strengthened. On the other hand, there is luck being on them mostly resulted from the conditions of the playing surface or even the weather which may favor the team which has always lost to winning this game. On the other hand, this team that tends to lose winning a game, the explanation may be that they knew of the teams playing style has done a detailed analysis before entering into the match, therefore, knew how to counter the consistently winning team’ s playing strategy well. A player made a physical error on a relatively easy play According to Weiner (1985), the attribution of this player’ s physical error on a relatively easy task would be that he was not good enough which can be explained casually by his ability which is an internal factor.
This would result in the attribution of the player’ s fitness for playing in that game; was not fit enough to play in the game. The situation can also be explained with the past experiences that this player had been experiencing consistent failure as well as negative emotional reactions which will influence this future result and behavior (Weiner, 1985). On the other hand, there is the skill level effect on the player making a physical error on a relatively easy task.
The differing casual labels which are given according to the skill level of a player may result in the player perceiving themselves as having low levels of ability and therefore attribute their failures to unstable, internal causes.
BibliographyAnshel, M. H. (2011). Attribution Theory: Explaining the Causes of Performance Outcomes . In Sport Psychology: From Theory to Practice (p. 400). Benjamin Cummings.