The paper 'Management and Leadership Styles' is a wonderful example of a Management Assignment. Leadership is a significant topic of discussion in the workplace and organizational psychology, and a lot of research has been conducted on the topic. People perceive leadership in different ways, and its definition varies in terms of personality traits, leadership ability, cognitive and emotional orientation, influence relationships, and individual and group orientation (Deanne and Hartog, 2001). Leadership can be defined as the ability to influence the activities of people with the intention to achieve certain objectives. The theory of leadership began by focusing on the traits.
However, traits may not predict effective leadership and this is why leadership behavior and styles are being considered by many researchers (Ancona, 2005). Thus, the case study provides a framework that helps to understand leadership traits and theories, by focusing on what successful leadership entails. Question 1 All leaders in whichever setup possess some characteristics that transform them into good leaders. Traits help to distinguish between good leaders and ineffective leaders depending on how they handle their subordinates in various situations.
Traits in leadership are measured in terms of physical features, ability, and personality (Deanne and Hartog, 2001). In the case study, Bill has got some character traits, skills, and behaviors that enable him to lead his team members to realize the goals of the company. Cognitive abilities According to Ancona (2005), this character trait is one of the most discussed attributes that make leaders successful in their duties. Cognitive abilities include creative reasoning and problem-solving skills. General intelligence is strongly related to different indices of leadership effectiveness and this has been manifested in how leaders relate to their juniors.
Leaders who are intelligent are highly rated by their subordinates, and this is evident in how Bill performs his duty as the team leader. He uses the shortest time possible to finish his tasks, and he does those tasks diligently. It is because of working smart that Bill is able to achieve his target. Bill also handles the difficult tasks which other members have failed, and this shows how he an intelligent leader. Personality Personality is also a leadership attribute that is manifested in Bill’ s work as a leader.
Emotional stability, extroversion, conscientiousness, openness, and agreeableness constitute personality, and they are known to affect the performance of leaders (Deanne and Hartog, 2001). Bill relates to his subordinates in a friendly way that he is able to help them accomplish their tasks. He is open to them and he often breaks the boredom by engaging jokes. Generally, Bill is able to coordinate his team to work and that is why they achieve the set goals. Motivation Motivation to lead is another leadership attribute. Motive-states that influence leadership include the need for dominance, affiliation, responsibility, and need for achievement.
The need for responsibility for instance relates so much with career achievement, and this is an important leader attribute (Bennis, 2007). Bill is motivated in his duty as the team leader and he is interested in achieving results. He is responsible enough and knows what is good for the company to the extent that completing tasks that almost double those of fellow technicians. As a team leader, he sets a good example which his subordinates have to follow.
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