Essays on The Evolving Role of Women in the Workforce Literature review

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The paper “ The Evolving Role of Women in the Workforce” is a breathtaking option of literature review on human resources. In this modern arena, many transformations in workplaces have occurred, which shows the changing realities in the world. According to Goodman (2007, p. 16), over the last decade, the role of women in the workforce has been changing significantly. Traditionally, women were presumed to be housewives and unrecognized in the labor force. They were left at home to raise their children and discharge their household chores. This glass ceiling has been discriminating against women from moving to higher-level positions in business and leadership.

Nevertheless, after World War II, technological advancements allowed the introduction of women in the labor force in large numbers, which changed the life of American families from one-earner to dual-earner (Applebaum, 1998, pp192). In the United States more than two decades ago, it was not possible for a woman to gain a top executive position but Indra K. Nooyi broke the glass ceiling and became the chief executive of PepsiCo Inc. , and the second-highest-ranking woman in the fortune 500 companies in October 2006.

The main cause of women’ s progression in the workforce is advanced education, an increase in achieving top-level positions, and take hold of an entrepreneur position (Kalyan 2009, p. 14). In reality, it is not only in America but also all over the world that the trend of women joining the workforce continues gaining momentum and united. They have become more involved and accepted in workplaces and leadership positions. Nevertheless, women in male-dominated fields are still suffering from discrimination because of gender syndrome. Therefore, there is a need for diverse human resource practices and systems if the workforce is to continue expanding diversely.

These changes require compliance with several legal regulations and acknowledgment of different organization designs, as well as staffing issues. Therefore, HRM specialists are necessitated to evolve flexible working programs, significant training programs, and career development strategies to achieve an excellent workforce in the long run. According to Rogers (2002, p. 1), women comprise over half of the total population at the turn of the third millennium in the United States and other industrialized nations. Improved health services and diet result in growth in the lifespan of both men and women, although women live longer than men do by around seven years.

This longevity gap is not anticipated to end in the near future. Consequently, the societal norms change since many women become single mothers, widows, and divorcees. This necessitates the breaking of the glass ceiling that hinders them from joining male-dominated areas and other entrepreneurship in order to provide for their family. Women started joining the workforce in the mid-eighteenth century in industries and other occupations to fill the shortages during war times although the turnout was very low (Goodman 2007, p.

16). Nevertheless, after the Second World War, men returned from war and women were forced out of the labor force, but they resisted since they had demonstrated their abilities to handle both their work and family chores simultaneously. By 1980, over half of the American labor force comprised of women even though men continue dominating in high paying position and executive ranks (Goodman 2007, p. 17).

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