Essays on Linking Personality and Behaviour Based on the Attribution Theory Literature review

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The paper "Linking Personality and Behaviour Based on the Attribution Theory" is an outstanding example of a management literature review. In my experience of working on software projects, I have learned that project management can be extremely challenging. This is particularly when the projects do not attain their intended objectives because of the project manager’ s personality and behaviours. Failure to examine critically the causal factors for project failures may prevent the project managers from learning from their failures. Hossein and Nejad (2011) suggest that most of the time, the success of the projects is contingent on the project manager’ s personality traits and behaviours.

Still, in spite of preoccupation with the need to achieve project success among the project managers, they have given minimal attention to the manner in which people attribute project failure and success (Turner & Muller, 2005). This paper reasons that the manner in which people attribute failure and success significantly depends on personality and behaviour. In fact, it is based on this premise that this essay argues that personality determines behaviour, which in turn has a clear link to project management.

To investigate this further, this paper explores the attribution theory, and how it influences the project management with respect to personality and behaviour. Linking personality and behaviour based on the "Big Five" model Despite a fundamental difference between behaviour and personality, scholarly researchers have provided evidence suggesting that personality determines behaviours. According to Geoghegan and Dulewicz (2008), a project consists of a temporary entity intended to achieve a certain end, normally to create a product or service. While projects will tend to vary significantly in terms of complexity, their success depends on the project manager’ s personality and behaviour.

Standing et al. (2012) suggest that a fundamental difference exists between behaviour and personality. While personality refers to what an individual is, behaviour entails what individuals do. Again, while personality is inherent and may not be changed, the behaviour may be changed.  

References

Badahdah, A., & Alkhder, O. (2006). Helping a friend with AIDS: A test of Weiner’s attributional theory in Kuwait. Illness, Crisis, & Loss, 14, 43–54

Canary, D. & Spitzberg, B. (1990). Attribution biases and associations between conflict strategies and competence outcomes. Communication Monographs, 57, 139–151.

Canary, D. J., & Spitzberg, B. H. (1990). Attribution biases and associations between conflict strategies and competence outcomes. Communication Monographs, 57, 139–151.

Dvir, D., Sadeh, A. & Malach-Pines, A. Projects And Project Managers: The Relationship Between Project Managers’ Personality, Project Types, And Project Success. Project Management Journal, 37(5),

Geoghegan, L. & Dulewicz, V. (2008). Do Project Managers’ Leadership Competencies Contribute to Project Success? Project Management Journal, 39(4), 58–67

Hossein, A. & Nejad, S. (2011). Impact of Project Managers’ Personalities on Project Success in Four Types of Project. 2011 2nd International Conference on Construction and Project Management 15(1), 181-186

Hosseini, A. & Asghari, A. (2012). Attribution Theory, Personality Traits, and Gender Differences among EFL Learners. International Journal of Education 4(2), 181-201

Kerzner, H. (2001). Project Management: A Systems Approach to Planning, Scheduling, and Controlling. New York: John Wiley & Sons

Malle, B. (2011). Attribution Theories: How people make sense of behaviour. In Chadee, D. (Ed), Theories in Social Psychology (pp.72-95). New York: Wiley-Blackwell

Manusov, V. & Spitzberg, B. (2008). Attribution Theory: Finding Good Cause in the Search for Theory. Retrieved:

Ramirez, A. (2013). Project manager's characteristics influence in the entrepreneurial process: A project-based entrepreneurship model. Paper to be presented at the DRUID Academy 2013 on DRUID Academy 2013 at Comwell Rebild Bakker, Rebild/Aalborg

Rauch, A., & Frese, M. (2007). Let ’ s put the person back into entrepreneurship research : A meta-analysis on the relationship between business owners ' personality traits , business creation , and success. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 16(4), 353–385

Salanova, A. & Kirmanen, S. (2010). Employee Satisfaction and Work Motivation. Mikkelu University of Applied Sciences

Standing, C. , Kordt, E., & Standing, O. (2012). The Relevance of Attribution Theory to IT Project Management. Proceedings of IADIS International Conference. (pp. 3-10). Perth: Null Publisher

Turner, R. & Muller, R. (2005). The Project Manager’s Leadership Style As A Success Factor On Projects: A Literature. Project Management Journal 36(1), 49-61

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