Assignment 2: ReportImpact of BHP on the natural environmentBHP Billiton is an excellent business, built on the corresponding strengths of two successful companies including BHP and Billiton. The Bay development is just a part of the BHP business that came on stream at the end of 1995. Today, the business accounts for 1% of hydrocarbons in total produced in the country (Gilliver 1998). The program under BHP Petroleum Limited (BHPB) one of the strongest bodies of the BHP Billiton group of companies. The Bay facilities ideally comprise five producing gas and oil fields.
Its onshore and offshore facilities associate with the transportation, extraction, and processing of the oil reserves (Global Maritime 1992). Discovered during the late 1990s, the fields yield in excess of 150 million oil barrels and more than 1 trillion in cubic feet of gas (Gilliver 1998). In 2009, ideally as part of the Bay programme, a new exploration well was to start, located in the unexplored region. The 110/13b-21 or Bel Air well is located roughly 3 km to the SE of the Douglas platform and is to be drilled precisely as a stand-alone well, to be abandoned and plugged (Gilliver 1998).
The primary goal of the well project is to test for the availability of hydrocarbons in the Permian Sandstone (Hammond et al 2002, p. 361 – 376). This report is an environmental impact assessment covering the environmental impacts, which associate with the drilling of this established well in the region. An evaluation of the Bay area, environmental data shows that the region shows environmental conditions purely characteristic of the eastern side of the Irish Sea.
It is a gently shelving area, shallow, with an average depth of 50 meters or less. All through most of the Irish Sea, large tidal range and strong tidal currents ensure good mixing of the seawater (McConnell et al 1999, p. 573 – 590). However, in the eastern Irish shallow Sea, significant inputs of freshwater from the rivers can ideally at times result in the water column stratification. The Sea including the surrounding coastline is of exceptional value in conservation terms, especially relating to birds (Bennett et al 1997, p.
549-558). There are many coastal conservation sites relatively in the northeastern Irish Sea showing a variety of international, local and national non-statutory and statutory site designations (McConnell et al 1999, p. 573 – 590). The large estuaries in the region are of particular relevance for both international and national populations of birds. There are eleven breeding colonies of the seabird holding numbers at 1% of the British bird population in Bay area (Gilliver 1998). The area is also in support of a wide range spectrum of valuable marine with activities ranging from offshore wind farms, to traditional fisheries, and gravel and hydrocarbon extraction. During the consultation, practice associated with other the environmental impact assessments of the Bay; a more focused and integrated approach to EIAs has been under development.
This approach was first in use for the Hamilton East EIA meeting with general approval from regulators. As a result, BHPB has applied this approach again to the assessment of prevailing environmental impacts associated with the Bel Air well activities in drilling (Bennett et al 1997, p. 549-558). The approach design is to address all issue with the perceived potential or potential, to cause harm to the environment in the Bay.
EIA is a process that produces a document that takes that name environmental statement (ES) (ERT 1993b). Risk assessment should be of practical use. The main objective of this assessment is provision of a public account of the environmental impacts associated with this new well and its activities in drilling (ERT 1993b).