The paper "Food and Wine Festivals and Their Contribution to Destination Tourism" is an outstanding example of a tourism literature review. Festivals can affect the perception of a place amongst the people thus creating an image for destination tourism. Various festivals are discussed as cases that highlight social wellbeing, economic impact, industry involvement and gastronomic tourism sustainability. Role of Rituals in Festivals and Cultural Impact One of the main issues regarding ritual-based and cultural festivals is determining the factors for visitor motivation attractiveness and the local community motivation for participation in the festival. Rituals are intrinsic to people and create a sense of place and belonging.
Thematic festivals that find their roots in traditions and historic rituals can create a sense of belonging for a community (Haven-Tanga and Jonesa, 2005). Such festivals can be useful in establishing an aspect for a national identity for the residents of the region while making way for the preservation of the cultural heritage. Rituals and traditions in a culture when integrated into festivals can also aid in enhancing cultural memory (Assmann and Livingstone, 2006). Through their study, Chhabra et al.
(2003), determined that heritage and cultural tourism makes use of recreating the cultural traditions through festivals to provide a proposition for attracting tourists. Similarly, Robinson et al. (2004) also highlighted that marking cultural events with festivals can be economically as well as socially productive as they can provide motivational factors for the participation of residents due to their affiliation and history with such heritage events. Example of the Edinburgh Hogmanay Festival The Hogmanay festival is one of the most significant and elaborately celebrated events in Scotland on December 31st as part of its winter festivals.
Scotland’ s Hogmanay festival has its routes in the Middle Ages and pagan religions when feasts partook and gifts were shared in the shortest days of the year.
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