Essays on Kantian and Utilitarian Ethics Assignment

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing

The paper "Kantian and Utilitarian Ethics" is an outstanding example of a business assignment.   Ethics basically refers to the moral principles that govern a person’ s or a business’ s behavior towards others. The term ethics originally was a Greek word “ ethikos” which means “ habit” . They are concepts that help us to differentiate between right and wrong. They determine the best principles and laws that human beings live with (Ransome & Stampford, 2011, p. 49). Ethics are divided into three subsections, the meta-ethics which is the understanding that human beings have towards morals of right and wrong, the Normative which is the study of the ethical actions which are some of the questions that arise when one is considering on how to act towards a particular situation and finally the applied ethics which prints out an ethical theory to question how are expected to do towards a specific situation or react towards a particular action taken that affects them directly or indirectly (Dittmer, n.d). Ethics play a vital role in society today.

It is through these morals that human beings coincide well with fellow humans and solve their disputes in a peaceful manner.

These morals stretch from the smallest basic unit of human being, which is the family unit to the most public places such as businesses. Some of these morals are put down into law by the government to govern its citizens and some have gone an extra mile especially in the business set up to make their own regulations that govern how the business is run. These business ethics are a form of applied ethics or professional ethics that provide for ethical principles and settle the ethical problems that are usually found in the business environment (Shaw, 2011).

Some of the areas that these moral principles mainly address are in the finance sector. This provides for discipline in handling of funds by the business, the employees and the employers. Production is also a major factor that affects the moral principles of business. A company that is in the production sector may produce fewer quality goods so as to increase their profit margin by saving on some production costs. The issue of employment is also a factor that hinders business professional ethics.

Some employers opt to employ children since their wages are less. The children are paid very little hence the employer pockets the rest of the money as part of their profits. The same case applies to the unskilled laborers that provide cheap labor and in turn producing fewer quality goods. The main objective of businesses is to maximize their profits by increasing their earnings and reduce their expenses. CHILD LABOR The International Labor Organization (ILO) of the United Nations defined child labor as “ any economic activity performed by a person under the age of15” ( United Nations.

Dept. of Public Information, 2011, p. 33) Despite the abolishment of forced labor and child labor in West African countries by the Portuguese, who were the colonizers of most of the West African countries, the cocoa industry has profited enormously from the abuse of child labor and forced labor. Cote D'Ivoire is among one of the countries that are greatly affected by this vice of child labor. Today, despite the cocoa sector growing to a multibillion-dollar industry, the farms still continue to employ thousands of western Africa children, the main reason being that they provide cheap labor.

The fact that most families in the developing countries live below the lines of poverty, earning less than a dollar every day, the children are then forced to help out their parents to be able to cater for their daily needs. It is rare to find children working because it is a choice they have made out of the free will, but mostly it is a decision that comes up from necessity and the status of their family and also the economic status of their countries.

In most farms, these children are treated as slaves, hence they have no freedom of choice or expression, rather what they do is fully controlled by the employer and failure to achieve what is expected will result to violence by the employer and at times the children are not paid for the work done.

References

Anti-Slavery Society. (2007). TOPICAL RESEARCH DIGEST: HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONTEMPORARY SLAVERY. Retrieved from http://www.anti-slaverysociety.addr.com/chocolates1.htm.

Black, J., & Roberts, C. (2011). Consequentialism and Utility. Doing ethics in media theories and practical applications (p. 317). New York: Routledge.

Brown, G. (2012). Child Labour & Educational Disadvantage – Breaking the Link, Building Opportunity.

Dittmer, J. (n.d.). Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Ethics, Applied  []. Retrieved May 2, 2014, from http://www.iep.utm.edu/ap-ethic/

International Labour Organization. (2013). World Report on child labour, Economic vulnerability, social protection and the fight against child labour. Geneva: International Labour Office.

Ransome, W., & Sampford, C. (2011). The Meaning of Ethics and Criticism of SRI. Ethics and Socially Responsible Investment a Philosophical Approach. (p. 49). Farnham: Ashgate Pub..

Shaw, W. H. (2011). The Nature Of Morality. Business ethics (7th ed., Student ed., pp. 23-26). Boston, MA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning.

United Nations. Dept. of Public Information, U. N. (2011). We the Peoples: The Role of the United Nations in the Twenty-first Century : the Millennium Report, Volume 2161. Michigan: United Nations, Department of Public Information, 2001.

Wood, A. W. (2008). Kantian ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Contact Us