The paper "Bonded Labour around the World" is a great example of management coursework. Bonded labour or debt bondage is one of the common forms of slavery in the world today. It is defined as a form of labour where people become slaves of other people as a mean of repaying a loan (World Vision Australia, 2009). This means that bonded labourers work to repay loans to their masters and their hard-earned income is directed towards the repayment of the loan. Bonded labour has a long history even though it is the least known and talked about of all labour practices that exist in the world.
It is one of the methods used to enslave people because the value of the work performed by the bonded labourers towards their masters is greater than the amount of the loans they have to repay and thus bonded labour makes the masters better off while it leaves the bonded labourers worse-off in economic terms. It is imperative to note that bonded labour is characterised by harsh working conditions were bonded labourers are physically assaulted or subjected to sexual and physical violence (World Vision Australia, 2009).
Bonded labourers are also closely monitored in order to ensure that they work aggressively to repay their loans with minimal time for resting. Restriction of movement of bonded labourers is also undertaken to ensure that labourers remain in a confined place until they perform and finish the work they are assigned as a repayment of their loans. Restriction of movement can also be psychological where bonded labourers are meant to rely on their masters for every basic need which prevents them from moving away from their masters.
Bonded labour is, therefore, one form of slavery but it has long been ignored and assumed to be a form of employment. The purpose of this paper is to explore the issue of bonded labour. Among the things that will be explored include history of bonded labour, modern practices of bonded labour, actors that necessitate bonded labour and consequences of bonded labour. History Bonded labour has been in existence for a long period of time. Bonded labour was so ramparted in the care system in Southern Asia (Jody, 2008).
Bonded labour was also used widely by the colonial governments during the colonial era where the colonisers provided loans to the village chiefs and in return, people were forced to work hard to repay the loan. The end results were that the colonisers ended up benefiting more from the labour than the number of loans they advanced to the village chiefs. Bonded labour was also widely applied as one of the recruitment methods of labourers for the plantations in South East Asia, the Caribbean and Africa. The advent of bonded labour followed the abolishing of the slave trade in many countries of the world.
For example, after the slave trade was abolished in the American colonies, many people who desired to move to other places bounded themselves to a rich plantation owner who paid for their movement to the desired destinations (Kara, 2009). However, this payment was supposed to be repaid through bonded labour where people worked for many years to repay the loan.
Allain, J. 2007, The definition of slavery in general international law and the crime of enslavement within the Rome Statute. Guest lecture series of the Office of the Prosecutor, International Criminal Court. The Hague.
Jody, B. 2008, Bonded Labour? Pacific Guest Worker Scheme. Available from http://www.greenleft.org.au/node/40144
Kara, S. 2009, Sex Trafficking - Inside the Business of Modern Slavery. Columbia University Press.
Munro V. 2001, A tale of two servitudes: defining and implementing a domestic response to trafficking of women for prostitution in the UK and Australia. Social and legal studies 14(1): 91-114
Thomas, C. 2000. Anti-Slavery: Today’s fight for tomorrow’s freedom. http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:Kormg2nMWjYJ:www.antislavery.org/includes/documents/cm_docs/2009/b/1_bonded_labour.pdf+bonded+labour&hl=sw&gl=ke&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESjXWj2PpLSUsC0r4Ep8On58bBEpY_de2tXjp7FRaiwNFq37zk-bCmRXnu7TMvtQJ4daSWTwVBxNLgWrcOrgi-V21mVlsHZvhv-PwFfHnsrVMzVloW_56Zw4axxFVcE03epwn3wh&sig=AHIEtbTharvcv6TgWfhWpHL1loeNbIztfw&pli=1
World Vision Australia. 2009), Roghini: A story of bonded labour http://www.worldvision.com.au/issues/human_trafficking___slavery/Why_is_it_happening_/Roghini__a_story_of_bonded_labour.aspx