IntroductionMany people worldwide die each year and approximately thrice that number get injured as a result of building fire breaks. This has always been the case as a result of failed emergency escapes that are as a result of poor planning for fire evacuation(Barnhart, Howell, 2010). Having a sound escape plan can help save lives as evacuation is possible in the shortest time possible this is because in the event of a fire outbreak every second counts. Making a Perfect Fire Evacuation Plan. 1. Draw a Floor Plan of your HomeA grid should be used to draw a floor plan for each level of the building.
In drawing the plan all rooms, windows and door sand stairs should be included and correctly labeled. In the plan all possible exits should be well labeled (Solomon, 2002). All the emergency routes should be clearly indicated by an arrow. These should be determined with how short and safer they are to the exit. The plan is to presented to the frequent occupants of a building. Example if it is within an organization the plan should be discussed together with all the employees and if it is a family set up then all family members should familiarize with the plan. 2.
Designate a Meeting Point OutsideA location should be designated at a safer distance from the building but it should not be necessarily across the street or crowded places. It should be an open air place example under a specific tree or even at the end of the drive way, it can also be at the front of a side walk. At this point attendance should always be taken to ensure that everybody has evacuated the building and on safe grounds.
At this pointa roll call should be taken. It is important that people who are missing are identified and where they were last seen taken into account as this serves as the starting point to their evacuation to safety. There should be use of appropriate signs where applicable as it leaves no doubts in the peoples mind. Casualties of the incident can also be easily identified and attended to inform of giving them first aid at this point. Such a location should be marked and familiar to everybody within the premises. 3.
Installing Smoke AlarmsWorking smoke alarms should be installed at every level of the building. This increases chances of survival. It is also important to test these alarms periodically to ensure that they are at their best and replacement is recommended as per the manufactures guidelines. 4. Staff Alarm Evacuation (Silent Alarm)In some situations it may not be good for a general alarm to start immediate evacuation in case of a potential fire emergency. Examples of such places include the Cinema halls, rooms and theatres.
This is due to the large number of members of the public that are always available at the scene and the urgent need for the necessary staff members to put in place pre-arranged strategic plans for the safe evacuation of the premises into action. In such conditions a staff alarm can be effectively relayed through fire records, personal pagers, discreet sounders and also via coded phrase on a public address system etc. After the staff alarm has been relayed and all plans for safer evacuation done, the general alarm signal can be relayed and a simultaneous or phased evacuation put into action.
Given the capacity of the public facilities like the cinema halls appropriate measures in evacuation should be taken to prevent loss of lives through trampling and other dangers associated with fighting for an exit during fires. The general alarm should always be activated automatically if manual initiation has not taken place within a pre-determined time frame so as to prevent cases of loss of lives due to time wastages(Solomon, 2002).