Essays on Bushfire Emergency Response in Australia Case Study

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The paper 'Bushfire Emergency Response in Australia" is a good example of a business case study.   Bushfires are very common events in Australia during dry seasons. Every year, the country experiences huge losses from bushfire. The fire results in property destruction and the death of many people and animals (Bond & Mercer, 2014, p. 8). Majority of the Australian fire breakouts are often named depending on the day they occurred. Such names include the Ash Wednesday and the Black Saturday. The black Saturday bushfires refer to events of fires that broke out across Victoria State in Australia during seasons of harsh weather conditions in early 2009 (Baker et al, 2012, 130).

The fire consumed more than 450,000 hectares of land within a period of four weeks. More than 2,000 homes got destroyed and led to the destruction of various local towns. The fire was put out by more than 5,000 fire fighting staff (Bond & Mercer, 2014, p. 12). Australia is the only region in the whole globe that has experienced the worst and most devastating bushfires. Global warming tends to worsen the possibility of bushfire occurrence and more danger is anticipated to come. Bushfire generally refers to an uncontrolled, unpredictable fire that burns grass, scrubs, forests and bushed areas.

There are various governmental strategies established to deal with the bushfire tragedy. However, there is a need for the development of more programs. This paper seeks to discuss the government efforts in assisting the Australian deal with the bushfire issues with regard to recommendations. Australian bush fire management in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) government There have been numerous responses to bushfire tragedy such as community education, donations and grants, global aid efforts, and government intervention.

After the 2009 bushfire, the federal government underwent suspension due to emergency. The members of the Australian Defence Force were sent out to assist the affected civilians in Victoria. Various states made donations to Australia. Queen Elizabeth 11 donated to the Australian Red Cross team (McLennan & Handmer, 2012, p. 7). The general responsibility to suppress bushfires in the Australian Capital Territory government (ACT) lies in the Emergency Services Agency (ESA) and particularly the ACT Rural Fire Service. The ACT Parks and Conservation Service has a specific role to ensure the management of bushfire fuel in its region and limit fire spread these lands. PCS has a devoted fire management sector and a huge fire put out capacity in the form of PCS employees (Watson et al, 2012, p.

760). Majority of PCS employees undergo firefighting training in the work role and undergo high-quality training. All PCS firefighter is required to uphold their skills and capability by attending frequent continuous training, vulnerability elimination activities, and yearly evaluations and workshop. PCS fire vehicles are designed in an easily identifiable manner and they provide the ACT ESA with skilled firefighting personnel that include executive incident managers, incident preventers, rural region fire personnel team, aerial spies, bushfire trend assessors, and destroyed region recovery personnel (Morgan et al, 2010, p. 48).

Crews are alert and accessible for the emergency response all through the bushfire season. ACT Parks have representatives in the Forest Fire Management Group (FFMG) which is a commission developed under the Primary Industry Ministerial Council structure. FFMG was given its role by the Council of Australian Government (COAG) to form the National Bushfire Management Policy Statement for Forests and Rangelands.

The policy takes notice of the fire’ s significant role in the Australian biodiversity and seeks to determine a more synchronized strategy for handling the bushfire risk with enhanced investment in preventive measures and community awareness (Eriksen et al, 2010, p. 341). The Prime Ministers of all Australian states have endorsed the manuscript and it is believed to result in quality stratagem for all Australian Agencies dealing with the bushfire issue.

Bibliography

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Bond, T, Mercer, D 2014, “Subdivision Policy and Planning for Bushfire Defence: A Natural Hazard Mitigation Strategy for Residential Peri‐Urban Regions in Victoria, Australia,’ Geographical Research, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 6-22.

Brady, D., Webb, N 2013, ‘Communicating bushfire safety in Australia: the challenge for government of increasing community participation,’ Asia Pacific media educator, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 351-365.

Eriksen, C, Gill, N, Head, L 2010, ‘The gendered dimensions of bushfire in changing rural landscapes in Australia,’ Journal of rural studies, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 332-342.

Haynes, K, Handmer, J, McAneney, J, Tibbits, A, Coates, L 2010 ‘Australian bushfire fatalities 1900–2008: exploring trends in relation to the ‘Prepare, stay and defend or leave early’policy,’ Environmental Science & Policy, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 185-194.

Howes, M, Grant-Smith, D, Reis, K, Tangney, P, Bosomworth, K, Heazle, M Burton, P 2012, ‘The challenge of integrating climate change adaptation and disaster risk management: lessons from bushfire and flood inquiries in an Australian context.

MacDougall, C, Gibbs, L, Clark, R 2014, ‘Community‐based preparedness programmes and the 2009 Australian bushfires: policy implications derived from applying theory,’ Disasters, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 249-266.

McLennan, BJ, Handmer, J 2012, ‘Reframing responsibility-sharing for bushfire risk management in Australia after Black Saturday,’ Environmental Hazards, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 1-15.

Morgan, G, Sheppeard, V, Khalaj, B, Ayyar, A, Lincoln, D, Jalaludin, B, Lumley, T 2010, Effects of bushfire smoke on daily mortality and hospital admissions in Sydney, Australia. Epidemiology, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 47-55.

Watson, P. J., Penman, S. H., & Bradstock, R. A. (2012). A comparison of bushfire fuel hazard assessors and assessment methods in dry sclerophyll forest near Sydney, Australia. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 21(6), 755-763.

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