The paper "The Concept of Leadership " is a perfect example of a management report. Leadership refers to the ability and will to guide or give direction to an individual or group of individuals to achieve a common target (Maxwell, 2005). For leadership to be recognized there must be people willing to be led (Kadalie, 2006). Leadership comprises of many features that include leadership skills and leadership qualities. Some of the best attributes for a good competent leader include honesty, focused, competence, inspirational and posse’ s qualities of intelligence. A good leader should pose a good skill of understanding of trends, environment, possible threats and opportunities.
Vision is also another important attribute that a good leader must portray in terms of decision making and the methodological approach of issues. A competent leader should have and uphold certain principles that stand out from the rest (Sadler, 2006). Principles are important in earning respect and trust from followers. Reliability is one important attribute that every leader has to possess. Reliability should be both in terms of keeping time, decision making, trust, management just to mention a few (Schein, 2010).
Above all, a leader must show that component of authority that is essential for earning respect, rendering judgment and create a sense of security for his or her followers (Bolden et al, 2003). One important role of a leader is assessing both people and situations (Sadler, 2006). This enables leaders to make informed decisions on a range of issues. Planning is an inevitable duty by all leaders and is more frequent and demanding (Schein, 2010). A good leader should be able to communicate effectively to send out a message to followers.
This involves the right choice of language and vocabulary (Koter, 2013). The role of leadership comes along with challenges since human being to be led are have the ability to make their own decisions (Schein, 2010). Leadership challenges that existed in the past may not be exactly the same as challenges present leaders face (Sadler, 2006; Adair, 2013). According to Bolden et al, (2003), the challenges also vary depending on institutions. Methodology To understand the diversity of opinions surrounding the concept of leadership, one leader, Mr.
Juma, a co-operative bank branch manager and consultant, was interviewed in the United States and his opinion compared against relevant literature and personal opinion. The interview was an informal one that involved broad conversation of issues surrounding leadership in various fields. The main fields of concern included co-operating leadership, various institutional leadership and informal sector leadership. The chosen respondent is a native in the United States who shares a different cultural background from China. The responded addressed issues concerning; the qualities of a good leader; attributes of a good leader; how to become a good leader; and the challenges good leaders have to face in a leadership position. Discussion The Respondent The interviewee responded to the issue broadly including personal experiences in leadership, other experiences of leaders from another field.
His wide range of information on how leadership is perceived was obtained. Mr. Juma had a wide experience that he had amassed for many years serving as a leader in many organizations. He explained that the roles and values varied depending on the field, organization or setting in which one leads. Mr. Juma narrated how many leaders in the informal sector have a belief that leadership comprise of a set of values, principles and qualities that an individual is born with.
Such leaders have an opinion that leadership cannot be acquired through training. In stressing the point, he stated that a value like exercising authority cannot be gained as one grows. Cowards cannot have this quality hence will fail in leadership. Mr. Juma explained how the perception of corporate leadership contradicts from the informal sector perception. In the corporate world, leadership comes with confidence gained from one’ s academic qualification.
He explained how hard it is to exercise authority over a junior staff with a higher academic qualification than a leader. According to Mr. Jumna, ability and courage to exercise authority are also derived from leaders past experience and performance trend. It is hard for a leader with a poor record of accomplishment to exercise authority over the rest of the personnel. Poor performance, especially in decision-making, lowers the respect a leader has among followers. Generally, Mr. Juma insisted on how formal education process and technical training is important in nurturing leadership skills and civilization.
List of References
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Bolden R., Gosling J., Marturano A. & Dennison P., 2003, A Review of Leadership Theory and Competency Frameworks. Edited Version of a Report for Chase Consulting and the Management Standards Centre, Retrieved on October 24th, 2015 from
Bolden R, 2004, What is Leadership? Leadership South West Research Report 1, Retrieved on October 24th, 2015 from
Koter J.P, 2013, Leadership: What Is It? Retrieved on October 24th, 2015 from
Kadalie D, 2006, Leader's Resource Kit: Tools and Techniques to develop your leadership. Evangel Publishing House.
Maxwell C.J,2005,. Developing the Leader Within You, Nashville, Thomas Nelson Inc
Sadler P, 2006, Leadership, Kogan Page Publishers, London.
Schein E.H, 2010, Organizational Culture and Leadership, John Wiley & Sons, New York.