The paper "Business Ethics in Sports - Kantian Deontology, Rawls’ Theory of Justice" is a perfect example of business coursework. Ethics are the principles which enable an individual to identify and practice virtues as well as identifying vices and avoiding them. It helps to promote good values in society. It is important that every sector and person should observe ethics because this helps to build trust among people and also promote the reputation of an individual. In the sports sector, there are some performances enhancing drugs which have been widely used drugs by sportspeople (Rosen 2003).
It is argued that these drugs improve the performance of the sportspeople since they energize them. There has been a debate about whether to use performance-enhancing drugs or not. There are some theories which help to explore the significance of the performance-enhancing drugs and they include utilitarianism, Kantian deontology, Rawls’ theory of justice, Rights and Normative ethical relativism. In this regard, this essay will discuss the debate about performance-enhancing drugs and how it affects sports locally and internationally. Utilitarianism The first theory which can help to assess the use of performance-enhancing drugs is the utilitarianism theory.
This theory explains that ethics helps to increase utility and reduces stress or straining. It is argued that utilitarianism is effective and can be applied if the act does not impact others negatively (Rosen 2003). The theory further explains that the outcome determines a certain course of action. A certain course of action to be taken so as to achieve the desired target and that there are no negative impacts on other people. Utilitarianism theory puts more emphasis on the consequences of the act.
An individual can take action which will improve his happiness and avoid suffering. The theory holds that moral ethics is the one which helps to improve the performance of an individual and also considers the effects of taking a certain action on other people. The main aspects of utilitarianism are consequentialism which determines the effects of the act, hedonism, minimalism which helps to maximize the good and the universalism implying that the act should not affect other people. On the sports sector, it is argued that performance-enhancing drugs can help to improve the performance of an individual.
For instance in athletics, an athlete can take performance-enhancing drugs so as to improve the performance (Rosen 2003). The drugs can only improve the energy of the athlete and cannot affect other athletes. It is therefore moral to use performance-enhancing drugs in sports to improve the results of the sportspeople. However, it is also argued that performance-enhancing drugs should not be used because they affect the health of the sportspeople. This is because the drugs affect the body system and this implies that the body cannot perform well without the use of the drugs implying that the sportsperson should have to use the drug to improve the performance.
The effect is that it leads to addiction, which affects the wellbeing of an individual (Rosen 2003). In this regard, therefore, the drugs should not be used to enhance the performance of an individual as they are considered unethical.
Andrew H. M 2002, Philosophy of Sport: Critical Readings, Crucial Issues, Upper Saddle
River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Drew A. H 2002, Philosophy of Sport Heather L. Reid, The Philosophical Athlete, Durham,
NC: Carolina Academic Press.
Gill, M 2006, The British Moralists on Human Nature and the Birth of Secular Ethics,
New York: Cambridge University Press.
Kamm, F. M 2007, Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm. New
York: Oxford University Press.
Kelly, E 2006, The Basics of Western Philosophy. Greenwood Press.
Mike, M 2008, Sports, Virtues and Vices, Routledge.
Rosen, F 2003, “Reading Hume Backwards: Utility as the Foundation of Morals,” in
Frederick Rosen (ed.), Classical Utilitarianism from Hume to Mill, London: Routledge.
Waller, B. N 2005, Consider Ethics: Theory, Readings, and Contemporary Issues. New
York: Pearson Longman.
William, J. M 2006, Why Sports Morally Matter, New York: Routledge.