Business Management PracticeThe classical school of management has contributed greatly to the Success of business management through enhancing the implementation of an appropriate management structure and culture together with effective methods of managing the behaviour and attitude of the business workforce. One of the key principles of classic scientific management developed by Fredrick Winslow Taylor is the scientific selection and proper training of employees in order to achieve efficiency and increased productivity in the work place. (Alajloni, 2010 p. 61). This principle has been employed effectively in both the public and private sectors.
Since the development of this principle, the recruitment process for employees has been revolutionized. Organizations have become more focused when recruiting new employees in order to ensure the right person capable of performing the duties is selected. The hiring process for key managerial jobs on offer in the civil service, local government and other public institutions are now conducted with thorough scrutiny. The candidates are usually screened and the refined list given to well recognized Human resources recruiting agencies for further interviewing of the candidates in order to pick the most suitable candidate for the job.
The process of evaluation of the potential candidate involves taking them through a series of tests as advocated by the scientific management theory. In addition, it has become a common practice in both the public and private sectors to further train the new candidates before they assume their new offices. The focus of the training is to customize the experience and diverse knowledge of the successful candidate to their new position. This will allow them to conduct their work duties to the required standards, achieve efficiency and increased productivity. Another aspect of classical management that is gaining root in establishing effective methods of management structure is the clear division of labour as advocated by both Taylor and Henry Fayol in his classical administrative theory.
Division of labour has had a remarkable important in the public sector. Currently, there are five million people employed in the UK public sector (Bovaird, 2009 p. 121)). Imagine the UK civil service without a clear division of labour. It will almost be impossible for the management team to coordinate and ensure efficient delivery of services to the public.
Division of labour has greatly contributed to the establishment of distinct departments within the respective government institutions. This has multiple advantages both to the public and the managerial team. The general public can easily identify which government office will be appropriate to visit in order to have a certain service done for them. For instance, an individual who needs a passport processed for them. Without clear division of labour it would be impossible for this individual to know where to go to have his passport processed.
However, because of the benefits of classical management the individual can easily identify the Immigration Office as his next port of call. For the managers, division of labour has made it possible for them to specialize in their respective fields. This has to a great extent enhanced the performance of the managerial tasks. Each manager is now focused on ensuring the efficient delivery of services to the public. With this clear management structure, it is easier to access the performance of each department and enforce the necessary changes in order to achieve the require results.
Though businesses in the private sector are small in both size and capacity, the benefits of division of labour have also come handy. The management has clear cut duties to perform thus efficiency and high productivity is easy to attain unlike the old era where one manager used to perform all the duties associated with management. For example, he would be the accountant, the administrative officer, Human resources manager, the procurement manager and so on and so forth.
Monitoring the performance of the workforce is also easier since each manager has a clear perspective of which employees to monitor. Another accrued benefit is total elimination of duplication of work. Division of labour has also fast track the decision making process since only a few individuals are involved.