Essays on Concept of Sweatshops and its Impact on Business and Society Research Paper

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The paper "Concept of Sweatshops and its Impact on Business and Society" is a great example of a business research paper. In many years, the history of the workplace has been characterized by several characteristics such as overcrowding, low pay and unsafe working environment where there is no job security. The concept of sweatshops has also been on existence for more than one and half a century when it was first identified. The concept was discovered between 1830 and 1950 when it was realized that in certain workshops like the one that processes and produces sweaters, there were middlemen who were fond of directing the other business dealers using arduous ways (Robert, Burns and James 153-171).

This research report is aimed at critically evaluating the whole concept of sweatshops and it is applied by companies and it is the effect on both business and society. Literature review Definition of Sweatshops The term sweatshops were originated during the industrial revolution era in order to describe how the businessmen who traded as middlemen subcontracted for business on very large profits but with low pay for the workers (Denis and Laura).

In essence, these middlemen were only interested in how much they can make for the business and not what the workers will be paid. In other words, the term sweatshops have been used to demonstrate the exploitative ways the contracting companies used to benefit themselves at the expense of the workers. In simpler terms, the word sweatshop has been developed from two main words which are; ‘ sweat and shop’ meaning that the workers were expected to sweat in order to earn (David). In order to review the concept of sweatshops and its impact on business and society, two main cases one involving the study by Denis G.

Arnold and Laura P. Hartman on positive deviance and global labor practices in 2008 and the one on Women and Sweatshops labor did by the Human Rights Watch in 2010 in the United States have been considered. These two cases have been used as the build-up of this literature on sweatshops and its impacts on society and business as a whole. The two cases have also considered the main reasons as to why sweatshops exist even in the 21st century (Bhagwati 342-345). Reasons for sweatshops existence One of the main challenges that have been cited by these two studies as the obstacle to eliminating the idea of sweatshops is because there are not enough material facts that can be used against a middleman with sweatshops.

The nature and structure of business do not provide room for any person to understand how the systems within the work (Denis and Laura). This is because the business is done mainly through sub-contracting retailing companies who do not sell the products on their brand names but on very different brand names which may include those of sportsmen and women, famous politicians and even celebrities such as Tommy Hilfiger and Levi-Strauss.

On the other hand, the manufacturers in some occasions can hire contractors and subcontractors who are responsible for hiring and paying their own workers (Denis, Arnold, and Wokutch 17-23). This way it is not easy to determine who should actually be held responsible for the sweatshops. In this kind of system, the workers are put behind the scenes even though they are the company’ s base and strength.

In actual terms, the complexity of the structures under which the sweatshops are established, it is not easy to determine who the real employer is and therefore making it very difficult to exercise the full force of law on those that are responsible. However, important to note is that even though the manufacturers claim that they are not responsible for determining the workers’ salaries and wages, they actually exercise a lot of control over them.

Works cited

Andrew Wilson, “Special Report: Business and Human Rights,” Corporate Social

Responsibility Magazine 2.1 (2001): 1-7.

David, Skarbek, et el. Sweatshops, Opportunity Costs, and Non-Monetary Compensation: Evidence from El Salvador. 12 April 2010. 24 Oct. 2011.

http://www.davidskarbek.com/uploads/SweatshopsElSalvador.pdf

Bhagwati, James. The Demands to Reduce Domestic Diversity and Trading Nations,

International Labor Standards and Trade and In Defense of Globalization. New York:

Oxford University Press, 2004.

Denis G. Arnold and Norman E. Bowie. “Sweatshops and Respect for Persons.” Business Ethics Quarterly 13.2 (April 2003): 221-242.

Denis G. Arnold and Laura P. Hartman. “Moral Imagination and the Future of Sweatshops,” Business and Society Review 108.4 (2003): 425-461.

Denis G. Arnold and Laura P. Hartman. Beyond Sweatshops: positive deviancy and global labor practices. 23 Jan. 2010. 25 Oct. 2011 http://www.positivedeviance.org/pdf/research/ArnoldHartmanPositiveDeviance%5B1%5D.pdf

Hartman, Denis G. Arnold, and Richard E. Wokutch. Rising Above Sweatshops:

Innovative Management Approaches to Global Labor Practices. Westport: Praeger, 2003.

Robert, Pollin, Justine Burns and James Heintz, “Global Apparel Production and

Sweatshop Labour: Can Raising Retails Prices Finance Living Wages?,” Cambridge

Journal of Economics (2004): 153-171.

William, J. Martin and Keith E. Maskus. “The Economics of Core Labor

Standards: Implications for Global Trade Policy.” Review of International Economics 9

(2001): 317-328.

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