Essays on Climate Change and a Sustainable Business Future for Tourism in the ACT Case Study

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing

The paper "Climate Change and a Sustainable Business Future for Tourism in the ACT" is an outstanding example of a business case study.   Convincing evidence directs that the climate has changed as compared to the era pre-industrial; this is expected to continue to change in the 21st century and beyond as well warming of the climate and weather system is unequivocal. The global temperatures have increased tremendously as a result of human activities that are increasing concentrations of greenhouse gas in the atmosphere (Amelung& Viner, 2006). Human influences have also extended to other aspects of climate such as ocean warming, wind patterns, temperature extremes and continental average temperatures.

They have also lead to the rising of the sea levels; the United Nations world tourism organisation indicate that the sea level rise by 1.8mm every year since 1961 to the year 2013. Climate is a significant resource for the tourism industry, especially for nature, beach and winter sport tourism aspects. The increasingly changing weather and climate patterns at tourism destinations, as well as tourism generating countries, affect the comfort of tourism and travel decisions.

The changing tourism flows and demand patterns bring negative impacts to the communities and businesses. This is in addition to knock-off effects on tourism-related sectors such as handicrafts. 2.0 The Strategic Challenges to the Sustainability of Tourism Industry The tourism industry is the most affected by changes in climate in the world; it is also the industry that is most dependent on climate. The weather is more stable and predictable as well from the various aspects of weather such as warm, snowy mountains, beachfront resorts, sunny, turbulence-free flights and majestic. With these predictable changes in weather, travelers can move about safely and without disruption of any king from the changes in climate.

The 2008 United Nations study by world travel organisation indicates that the tourism industry will be likely to move to higher altitudes and latitudes in areas where the changes in climate will not be drastic (Gossling, 2002). Essentially, this means that tourism will not move at all in areas where there will be drastic changes in climate. Therefore, this makes such areas and regions to suffer from the benefits of tourism not only economic benefits but also the social sustainability of such areas. In essence, changes in climate move tourism according to the rate of the changes.

This affects the vacation spots because their competitive positions change thereby leaving some areas and regions to decline drastically while others become more popular. In addition, the changes in climate also result in greater volatility of the weather as well as its related risks to infrastructures. Hence, the changes in climate do not only affect persons but also poses serious risks to infrastructures.

The changes increase costs, especially for fuel and gas. This leads to the erosion of the consumer demand for travel as well as the long term shift in the value of different destinations. Separately from these direct impacts of climate change on tourism in ACT, change in climate affects the biodiversity, changes to the landscape as well as the water resources (Peeters, 2007).

References

Amelung, B., & Viner, D. (2006). Mediterranean tourism: exploring the future with the tourism climatic index. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 14 (4), 349-366.

Becken, S. & Hay, J. (2007). Tourism and climate change – risks and opportunities. Cleveland: Channel View Publications.

Gossling, S. & Hall, C.M. (2006).An introduction to tourism and global environmental change. In: S. Gossling & C.M. Hall (Eds.), Tourism and Global Environmental Change (p.1-34). London: Routledge.

Gossling, S. (2002).Global environmental consequences of tourism. Global Environmental Change, 12 (4), 283-302.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2007a).Summary for Policymakers. In: S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M.Tignor& H.L. Miller (Eds.), Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2007b).Summary for Policymakers. In: M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden & C.E. Hanson (Eds.), Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, United Kingdom & New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2007c). Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [B. Metz, O. R. Davidson, P.R. Bosch, R. Dave, L. A. Meyer (Eds.)]. Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.

Peeters, P. (2007). Tourism and Climate Change Mitigation – Methods, Greenhouse Gas Reductions and Policies. NHTV Academics Studies No. 6. NHTV. Breda, The Netherlands: Breda University.

Scott, D. (2006). Climate change and sustainable tourism in the 21st century. In: J. Cukier (Ed.), Tourism Research: Policy, Planning, and Prospects (p.175-248). Waterloo: Department of Geography Publication Series, University of Waterloo.

Scott, D., Jones, B., &McBoyle, G. (2005). Climate, Tourism and Recreation: A Bibliography -1936 to 2005. Waterloo, Canada: University of Waterloo.

United Nations World Tourism Organization (2003). Climate Change and Tourism: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Climate Change and Tourism, Djerba, Tunisia, 9-11 April 2003. Madrid: World Tourism Organization.

Wolfsegger, C., Gossling, S., & Scott, D. (2008–in press). Climate change risk appraisal in the Austrian ski industry. Tourism Review International. Hamilton, J. M., Maddison, D., &Tol, R.S. (2005). Effects of climate change on international tourism. Climate Research, 29, 245–254.

Yohe, G.W., Lasco, R.D., Ahmad, Q.K., Arnell, N.W., Cohen, S.J., Hope, C., Janetos A.C. & Perez, R.T. (2007).Perspectives on climate change and sustainability. In: M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden & C.E. Hanson (Eds.), Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (p.811-841). Cambridge, United Kingston and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Contact Us