The paper “ Carbon Capture and Storage” is a good example of the literature review on chemistry. In a generic sense, carbon capture and storage (CCS) or sometimes referred to as carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) can be perceived as the long-term isolation of anthropogenic sources of carbon dioxide (CO2) which are long-term in nature from the atmosphere (Hamerlinck et. al, 2010). This process has received an extensive promotion from international climate conventions as well as support from governmental research and development (R& D) programs, for instance, in China which has experienced an increasing number of CCS pilot and demonstration projects (Lai, 2012). From a historical perspective, despite the fact that the injection of CO2 into the geological formations has been evident for the last several decades and for different purposes which include but not limited to enhanced oil recovery, the storage of CO2 in a long-term perspective has been viewed as a relatively new concept with the first commercial example being Weyburn in 2000.
Nonetheless, CCS in the deep geological formations has in the recent past emerged as an imperative alternative that is geared towards the minimization of greenhouse emissions (Benson & Cole, 2008) as well as having other potentials as epitomized by Riahi et.
al (2004). The major significance of the carbon capture and storage approach is that if it is effectively formulated and implemented to the extent of a scale which is necessary to impact on the environment through the minimization of CO2 in the atmosphere, this is a great chance of requisitioning more than a billion metric tons of CO2 annually which is a 250 fold elevation above the amount which is requisitioned in the current times (Benson & Cole, 2008).
This will have extensive positive impacts on the steps towards environmental conservation and a great stride towards achieving global objectives like the millennium development goals (in relation to the environment). Thus, despite the fact that carbon capture and storage technology is more embraced in the developed world, extensive efforts ought to be undertaken aimed at disseminating this technology to other parts of the world in order to achieve a holistic approach in dealing with the challenges of climate change in the modern world as well as in the future.
Alphen, K.V. et. al. (2007). Societal acceptance of carbon capture and storage technologies.
Energy policy, 35 (8), 4368-4380. Retrieved November, 19 2012 from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421507000985
Benson, S.M. & Cole, D.R. (2008). CO2 Sequestration in Deep Sedimentary Formations.
Retrieved November, 19 2012 from http://elements.geoscienceworld.org/content/4/5/325.abstract
Hamerlinck, J.D. et. al (2010). Cyberinfrastructure for collaborative geologic carbon
sequestration research: A conceptual model. Retrieved November, 19 2012 from http://rmg.geoscienceworld.org/content/45/2/163.abstract
Herzog, H.J. (2001).What Future for Carbon Capture and Sequestration? American Chemical
Society, 35 (7), 148-153.
Kraeusel, J. & Most, D. (2012). Carbon Capture and Storage on its way to large-scale
deployment: Social acceptance and willingness to pay in Germany. Energy Policy, 49, 642-651. Retrieved November, 19 2012 from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421512005873
Lai, X. et. al. (2012). Carboncapture and sequestration (CCS) technological innovation system
in China: Structure, function evaluation and policy implication. Energy Policy, 50, 635-646. Retrieved November, 19 2012 from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421512006611
Lund, H. & Mathiesen, B.V. (2012). The role of Carbon Capture and Storage in a future
sustainable energy system. Energy, 44(1), 469-476. Retrieved November, 19 2012 from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360544212004525
Pires, J.C.M. et. al (2011). Recent developments on carboncapture and storage: An overview.
Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 89(9), 1446-1460. Retrieved November, 19 2012 from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0263876211000554
Plasynski, S.I. et. al (2011).The critical role of monitoring, verification, and accounting for
geologic carbon dioxide storage projects. Retrieved November, 19 2012 from http://eg.geoscienceworld.org/content/18/1/19.abstract
Riahi, K. et. al. (2004). Prospects for carboncapture and sequestration technologies assuming
their technological learning. 6th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, July-August, 2004. Retrieved November, 19 2012 from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360544204001732
Wall, T.F. (2007). Combustion processes for carbon capture. Retrieved November, 19 2012
Wilday, J. et. al (2011). Addressing emerging risks using carbon capture and storage as an
example. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 89 (6), 463-471. Retrieved November, 19 2012 from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0957582011000668