Assignment One Law – Case Study Example
Court vs. Tribunal Courts are a legal mechanism established to solve disputes and assist in interpreting the law. On the other hand, tribunals refer to an individual or an institutional granted the authority to adjudicate or settle disputes (Cownie, Bradney & Burton 65).
Differences between courts and tribunals
A tribunal can settle issues at any appointed place and in a more relaxed manner while the court has followed rigid rules, and the issues are settled in the court (Cownie, Bradney & Burton 65).
Since issues can take the shorter time to settle in a tribunal than in court, it is less costly to settle issues in tribunal than in court (Cownie, Bradney & Burton 65).
In courts, lawyers speak on behalf of their clients while in tribunal parties are encouraged to speak on their own behalf except under specific situations where the lawyers may be required to intervene (Cownie, Bradney & Burton 65).
Summary conviction offences
Summary conviction offences refer to minor offences in the criminal code such as making abusive telephone calls and causing the nuisance to the public or an individual (Batchelor 233). In most cases, the summary conviction offences have minor charges such as fines of up to $5,000 or even a six months jail or both. Such offences do not require fingerprinting (Batchelor 233). It is the summary because the prosecution is done quickly, and the accused person is required to appear before the court on a designated date and time instead of being held in police custody. The judges make trial of summary conviction in provincial court (Batchelor 233).
The Crown prosecutors have the responsibility to determine which cases are convicted of summary conviction offences (Batchelor 233).
A person can be convicted of a summary offence only once hence it cannot apply to someone with the criminal record (Batchelor 233).
Batchelor, Dahn, “How to be a Good Private Investigator.” (Xlibris Corporation, 2013). 233.
Cownie, Fiona; Burton, Mandy and Bradney, Anthony, “English Legal System in Context,” Sixth edition. (UK: Oxford University Press, 2013): 65.