The paper 'How Institutional Theory Affects on Top Management " is a good example of a management research proposal. The aim of the study is to establish how institutional theory affects on top management in implementing service excellence and innovation moderated by organizational slack. This study will be conducted on top managers of selected government departments in the UAE. 3.1 Research objectives To examine the effect of institutional pressures on top management in enhancing public sector service innovation To assess the institutional logics that effect on service excellence in government To examine top management commitment to service quality and excellence To establish top management commitment to service innovation To examine how service quality and innovation are moderated by organizational slack 3.2 Research framework This study will use mixed research methods (quantitative and qualitative) to establish the relationship between the various variables.
A survey instrument will be developed based on Liang et al. (2007) who related institutional pressures to implementation of ERP systems from the perspective of top management. The research model is developed from the works of these authors as shown in figure 1 below. Figure 1: Research model From figure 1 above, the research model will address the following hypotheses; Proposition 1: Influence of institutional pressures on top management in service innovation H11: Mimetic forces affect top management commitment to service innovation H12: Normative forces affect top management commitment to service innovation H13: Coercive forces affect top management commitment to service innovation Proposition 2: Institutional pressures affect top management commitment service excellence in the public sector H21: Mimetic forces affect top management commitment to service excellence H22: Normative forces affect top management commitment to service excellence H23: Coercive forces affect top management commitment to service excellence Proposition 3: Top management is committed to service quality H3: Top management commitment to service quality affects organizational service quality Proposition 4: Top management commitment to service innovation H4: Top management commitment to service innovation to affect organizational service innovation Proposal 5: Service innovation and service excellence is moderated by organizational slack H5: Service quality and service innovation are moderated by organizational slack 3.3 Target population Data will be collected from a target population of 120 public sector departments and 1,000 users of e-government systems in the UAE.
There is some factual evaluation of the services provided by the government of the UAE which is assessed by means of e-government i. e.
ICT systems (Al-Khouri, 2012). 3.4 Sample size The study will administer 120 questionnaires randomly to the top managers of the 120 departments. In addition, the study will administer 200 questionnaires to e-government and m-government customers from the UAE. The study will also Gay and Diehl (1992) suggests that the number of respondents that are accepted to research types as experimental, correlation or descriptive should be 10 percent of the population if the target population has more than 10,000 members. If the population if small (P< 10,000) members, them 20 percent of the population may be incorporated into the sample.
Key innovations in the UAE government are e-government and m-government systems will help in identifying departments that have adopted service innovation and excellence. The managers will also be expected to have knowledge of financial resources, absorbed and potential resources and size of the department (employees).