Essays on Impact of President Nixons Visit to China in 1972 Case Study

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The paper "Impact of President Nixon’ s Visit to China in 1972" is a perfect example of a micro and macroeconomic case study. In 1972, President Richard Nixon (then the President of the United States of America) made an 8-day state visit to the Peoples’ Republic of China. This was indeed a unique gesture for two reasons. Firstly, President Nixon was the first seating US president ever to visit China (Bader, 2012). Secondly, this state visit happened at a time when the two countries regarded each other as staunch enemies.

The enmity between the countries partly grew from the United States’ refusal to recognize the ruling government of the day, and instead choosing to recognise a parallel one that was stationed in Taiwan (Bader, 2013). After the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1949, the People’ s Republic of China established their government on the mainland, while the defeated soldiers of the Republic of China retreated to the mainland of Taiwan (Nixon, 1978). The diplomatic wrangles, therefore, grew because, for 30 years, the US government recognised the Republic of China (Nationalist Government) as the legitimate government of China while distancing itself from the Communist Government in the mainland (Overholt, 1973).

At the same time, China was embroiled in the cold war as well as dealing with war tensions from the Soviet Union. The Vietnamese war and the Soviet Union were china’ s problems at the time. The visit to China, forty years ago, by President Richard Nixon, will remain an iconic symbol in the history of the relationship between the United States and China, and the entire world. Apparently, the trip had a tremendous impact on both countries which brought about developmental changes and restructuring of the values and ideologies shared between the two nations.

In a span of two decades, a hostile relationship had existed between the People’ s Republic of China and the United States, and which came to a halt from the intervention made by President Nixon’ s visit and Chairman Mao Zedong in a bid to salvage the future of their relationship.



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