Essays on Choose One Assignment

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Assignment 1: Alternative BIntroductionEnvironmental influences, socio-political developments, and leadership are transformations affecting the constant change exerted in the public sector environments. Corruption, administrators conflicting obligations, the role of administration in the process of policy-making or malpractices of the human resource management are some of the administrative scandals and activities that constitute administrators behavior. These scandals have resulted in the deteriorating ethical behaviors of officials in the public sector offices. They have gone to the extent of indulging in malpractices. Administrators need to emphasize the significance of ethics communication and underpinning values in the public service sector.

As such, public servants need to provide a common reference frame that regards principles and standards. This will be applied in developing ethical issues appreciation, which involves efficient and effective delivery of services in the public sector. Therefore, audits, public accountability, and performance-based pointers are some of the issues emphasized. The number of regulatory bodies, which aim at evaluating and holding people in the office accountable, dealing with the public services has increased over the recent years. In this article, research, theories and pertinent literature on the themes attempt to ascertain basic issues that have damaged public service ethics and professionalism.

It also attempts to verify if these apparatus are essential for the maximization of effectiveness and cost efficacy in the public segment. This article is essential in showing how public servants conduct themselves unethically and behave unprofessionally, which is detrimental to the public trust, in the allocation of resources to the public and inefficient delivery of services to the public sector. Public service and professionalism are the main concerns in this discussion. The aim is to raise public awareness, promote better delivery of services and improve professionalism skills in the public sector. ConceptsEthics, transparency, accountability, professionalism and integrity are concerns that contribute significantly to the increased performance and respect of a well-balanced public sector.

Ethics in the public service sector, are norms that broadly delineate how their employees, state agents, exercise judgment and discretion when carrying out their responsibilities in the office. Accountability in this article refers to commitment of actions put in practice by the public service because they affect directly or indirectly the general public.

According to Meyer (1995), it is the responsibility of the government plus it agents accorded to the public in achieving set objectives and accounting for them in public. This burden of accountability rests, on each functionary of the public and acts in a manner that enhances public interests in accordance to his conscience, and having solutions for every existing matter based on participation and professionalism. It is crucial for the public service to improve this ethical virtue in order to enhance accountability and vice-versa. In the public service, transparency means that decisions and actions taken by public office holders need to be as open as possible.

It promotes accountability and provides citizens with information on what their government and agents are doing with allocated resources and power control. Integrity in this article serves as a willingness measure that adjusts system values in maintaining or improving consistency when an expected result appears to be incongruent with outcomes observed. The public sector engages their organizations in audit that leads to performance improvement by forcing organizations to practice efficiency and effectiveness in terms of performance.

This also leads them to be more liable to stakeholders and the general public at large (Leeuw, 1996, p. 92). Performance (management/operational) audit is a review of organizations operations departments, procedures and methods that aid in evaluating the efficiency and effectiveness (Arens et al. , 2005, p. 770).

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