The paper 'Tourism in the Australian Capital Territory: Climate Change and a Sustainable Business Future" is an outstanding example of a business case study. Climate is an essential resource for the tourism industry especially for destinations which attract tourists through sports tourism, beaches and nature. Changes in weather or climate patterns in tourist destinations can adversely affect the travel decisions and comfort of tourists. Thus to reduce the flow of tourists. Although the tourism industry relies on climate and the environment in general for its sustained growth and success, it also significantly contributes to climate change and the overall degradation of the environment.
For example, the tourism industry contributes to the emission of greenhouse gases (GHG), especially through the transportation of tourists. Since the 1st International Conference on Climate Change and Tourism convened by the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) in Tunisia in 2003, there has been a growing interest especially in research studies on the complex relationship between climate change and tourism. Currently, there is wide recognition on the need for international organisations, national governments and the tourism sector to develop and implement measures that will ensure a sustainable business future for the tourism sector by addressing the changing climate conditions and mitigating tourism’ s environmental impacts that contribute to climate change (Reddy & Wilkes 2012; UNWTO 2013). This paper seeks to critically examine the link between climate change and sustainable business future for the tourism industry in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).
Firstly, it looks at the current state of tourism in the ACT. Secondly, it examines the strategic challenges of business sustainability faced in ACT’ s tourism sector as far as climate change is concerned.
Thirdly, this paper highlights the major stakeholders who play significant roles in ensuring the sustainability of the tourism sector in the ACT. Moreover, it will look at the possible strategic responses and preferred approach that can be used to address climate change and ensure sustainable development in the tourism sector in the ACT. Lastly, this paper will highlight an indicative timeline, measures and roles that can be used to assist in implementing the preferred strategy in the tourism industry in the ACT. Current State of Tourism in ACT Tourism in the ACT is a unique asset that not only acts as a source of revenue but also provides numerous employment opportunities.
The tourism sector in the ACT is endowed with a wide range of eye-catching and unique touristic sites and natural sceneries. Some of the striking features in this area include; wildlife, sprawling parklands, farms, galleries, wineries, sandy beaches, aquatic life, glacial lakes, snowy mountains, scenic countryside, casinos and magnificent restaurants and bars among many other features (Tourism Australia 2014). Tourist visiting ACT originates from either the domestic or international market.
According to a study carried out by Visit Canberra (2014), in the year ending December 2013, the ACT welcomed over 2 million domestic overnight tourists and 1.95million domestic day tourists. The key transport options commonly used by domestic tourists include; air and road transport. On the other hand, in the year ending December 2013, the ACT welcomed over 181,686 international tourists. The top five countries where international tourists who visit ACT originate from include; China (11.6%), USA (11.3%), South East Asia countries such as Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Thailand (10.3%), United Kingdom (9.4 %) and New Zealand (8.5 %).
The preferred modes of transport for most international tourists is also air and road transport (Visit Canberra 2014).
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