Essays on Climate Change and Sustainable Business Futures for Tourism in the ACT Case Study

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The paper "Climate Change and Sustainable Business Futures for Tourism in the ACT" is a good example of a business case study.   Despite being a contributor to climate changes, the tourism industry is one of the most vulnerable industries to the effects of climate change. Australian tourism, like the case for many tourist destinations, is very vulnerable to climate change. And over the years, the tourism industry landscape has changed significantly with the adverse effects of climate causing significant financial implications. However, the ability of the players in the tourism industry in the country and world over to adapt to the changing business landscape is a major determinant of the extent to which climate change affects the industry.

But it is impossible for the industry to be fully prepared and adaptive to some of the climate change scenarios that they are often confronted with. The bleaching of the Great Barrier Reef which has been a major concern for the industry for many years now is a major indicator of the vulnerability of Australian tourism. Moreover, the gradual melting and reduction of the snow on the peak of Australian Alps is a major concern for the industry because these are some of the largest tourists’ attractions in the country.

In addition, Donnelly and Mercer, (2008) note that environmental pollution by the harmful emissions from various modes of travel including aeroplanes and buses have become a major cause of concern in the tourism industry. These factors have culminated into some times cyclones and heatwaves which have swept through the country leaving several dead and properties worth millions of dollars destroyed in their wake.

The alarming erosion of the coastal lines and the increased flooding as a result of cyclones and unexpectedly high amounts of rainfall are all manifestations of the vulnerability of the Australian tourism industry to the effects of climate change. The tourism industry is also increasingly being associated with greenhouse gases emitted from the various tourist centers and facilities across the country. From consumable products to transport and electricity use, tourism is increasingly contributing to carbon footprint leading to climate change of which it is increasingly becoming a victim to (Forsyth et al. , 2008). The growing concern of the impact of tourism on climate change and vice versa has generated a lot of interest in the scholarly world and amongst several organizations such as the World Tourism Organization (WTO), World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and some task forces such as the National Tourism and Climate Change Taskforce have carried researches into the issue and provide various policy frameworks and guidelines to help the industry adapt and mitigate its effects.

Australia’ s National Climate Change Adaptation Framework is one such policy framework aimed at helping the tourism industry and the country at large adapt to the changing climatic conditions.

Moreover, these policies and new approaches to tourism are in light with the ever-growing sensitivity of the society at large towards environmental pollution. Consumers are increasingly opting for environmentally friendly businesses. This paper will examine the various steps that the tourism industry in the ACT has and can take towards ensuring sustainable tourism.

References

Buultjens, J., White, N. & Willacy, S. (2007). “Climate change and Australian tourism – a scoping study. In: Climate Change and Australian Tourism. Gold Coast: Sustainable Tourism CRC.

Donnelly, D. & Mercer, R. (2008). “Propensity for UK and German long haul travellers to adapt travel intentions because of the carbon impact of a flight to Australia. Study results. Instinct and Reason. April 2008. Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism.

Farber, S.C., Costanza, R. & Wilson, M.A. (2002). “Economic and ecological concepts for valuing ecosystem services. In: The dynamics and value of ecosystem services: integrating economic and ecological perspectives”. Ecological Economics 41: 375–392. http://www.pdx.edu/sites/www.pdx.edu.sustainability/files/Farber_et_al.pdf

Forsyth, P. et al. (2008). “The Carbon Footprint of Australian Tourism. Gold Coast: Sustainable Tourism CRC.

Limburg, K.E., O’Neill, R.V., Costanza, R. & Farber, S. (2002). “Complex systems and valuation.” Ecological Economics 41(3): 409– 420. http://www.uvm.edu/giee/pubpdfs/Limburg_2002_Ecological_Economics.pdf

Richardson, R.B. & Witkowski, K. (2010). “Economic vulnerability to climate change for tourism-dependent nations. Tourism Analysis 15(3): 315–330.

Scott, D. & Becken, S. (2010). “Adapting to climate change and climate policy: Progress, problems and potentials”. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 18(3): 283–295.

Turton, S. et al. (2010). “Developing an approach for tourism climate change assessment: Evidence from four contrasting Australian case studies.” Journal of Sustainable Tourism 18(3): 429–447.

Vo Quoc et al. (2012). "Review of Valuation Methods for Mangrove Ecosystem Services," Journal of Ecological Indicators 23: 431 – 446.

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