Community SafetyOverpopulated High-Rise Temporary Housing FiresIntroduction to Community SafetyCommunity safety cover more than crime and illegal activities but also linked to persistent social conditions caused by anti-social behaviour, on top of low-level disorder and rudeness, which cause people to panic for their own safety. Behaviour such as drug misuse and drug dealing, racial harassment and hate crime, and incidents including tackling social exclusion, consumer protection, household safety, road safety, fire prevention, as well as mental health and public health are all community safety issues (Skykes et. al. 2002, p. 206).
Generally, the most efficient approach to the reduction of crime and other damaging incidents is one that involves a variety of agencies, engages the local community and combines several preventive strategies. In the UK, such programme are increasingly being coordinated and implemented under the community safety agenda. The successful maintenance of community safety depends principally on the enthusiasm of the public to support the authorities by collaborating and imparting information (Tilley 2005, p. 550). Without sufficient participation of the required population, execution of the plan may fail because of a lack of assistance and dedication.
It is imperative to bear in mind those fire protection and other public safety services that may be offered by a fire/rescue department that will meet a particular local needs (Cote 2003, p. 128). Normally, fire department services take account of fire prevention programs such as code administration and enforcement through plans review, inspection services, and public education. Progressive departments conduct various other public services, such as health screening programs more often. This approach to mixed community safety service takes advantage of departmental resources such as neighbourhood fire stations and on-duty personnel, experience in public service and education, and the typically high regard in which citizens hold fire departments.
One essential feature of a wide-ranging public fire protection plan is the perception that it is much better for a community to prevent fires altogether, or to diminish them automatically through fire safety education and integrated fire protection features, than to rely exclusively on the fire suppression capabilities of the community’s fire department. The goal of reducing the incidence and effects of fire involves all facet of fire prevention (Cote 2003, p. 128). Scanning the Problem in Temporary High-Rise HousingThe most prevalent reason of fire in structure is human intelligence.
Leaving flammable material like wood, paper and aerosol cans near a fire or a stove can trigger a fire. Fuel leakage, faulty electrical wiring and cooking accidents are some of the other causes. Many fires have also been started by half-lit cigarettes, candles kept near windows, and children playing with matches (Menon 2007, p. 16). Countless fires in the home are results of carelessness and disregard to safety. One single largest cause of fire due to appliances is due to cooking appliances.
In 2004 and 2005, statistics shows that the clear majority or 53% of domestic fires were caused by accidents while cooking and only 11% were caused by electrical equipment (Office of the Deputy Prime Minister 2006b, p.12). In an overpopulated high-rise temporary housing, workers tend to use whatever available area for cooking. A combination of ignorance of fire safety and culture, workers cook their food even near highly flammable materials such clothing, furniture, etc. which is apparently a deliberate disregard on fire safety.
Moreover, since the building is under construction, workers are tampering electrical supplies to power their appliances. A high-rise temporary housing often lacks fire suppression devices thus it spread rapidly when a fire occurs. According to the Communities and Local Government (2008, p. 12), there were 491 fire-related deaths in the UK and majority occurred in dwelling. In 2006, there were 55, 800 dwelling fires in the United Kingdom and the main source of these fires are cooking appliances. Three hundred seventy three deaths caused by careless handling for fire and hot substances where the highest fatality rate is for fires started at the living or dining room.
Cooking appliances are the main source of ignition, which is 56% of the total in 2006.