Community Profile and Assessment PlanOral Health Programme for the Homeless in Sydney IntroductionHomelessness is a pervasive social problem affecting many societies, including affluent nations. As expected, an immediate casualty here is the health condition of an individual. Oral health condition is one pressing issue that needs urgent attention and action from the society in general and community in particular. This paper outlines its proposed community assessment plan that seeks to assist in identifying different types of homeless people with varying degree of oral health problems. Sydney, which is one of Australia's Central Business Districts, is an important setting and home to at least 700 homeless individuals in 2009, according to a statistics prepared by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The challenges posed in responding to identified health problem will be addressed by coming up with a policy programme geared to get actual number of the homeless people in Sydney.
After doing so, this bring us to the community project of launching a mobile health assistance to render oral health solutions and to conduct health awareness campaign. To do so, the proponents identified it will tap inter-agency support and cooperation, appealing to institutions to assist in the community health intervention programme.
Under the plan, an evaluation will be conducted before and after the implementation of the plan. Research Purpose This research aims to map out ways to conduct an effective community profile of the identified setting for a proposed community intervention programme. In effect, this research will present a health intervention programme geared for the homeless in Sydney through the conduction of mobile missions for homeless people with oral health concerns.
Community ProfileHomelessness is a complex global problem facing most nations. Though a first world country by economic standards, Australia is not spared of this persistent social or economic dilemma, which requires urgent attention and intense action. In a 1989 Australian Bureau of Statistics study, it showed that there are around 70,000 homeless people, comprised of children and young people. By the end of 2000 in New South Wales, there were 96,500 people who are waiting to be accommodated in the government's public housing programmes. In a policy paper titled, “Counting the Homeless: Implications Policy Development, ” Chris Chamberlain reported that there are up to 105,000 homeless people across the country.
Based on existing classification system of the homeless, it was indicated that most at risk are the mentally-ill, victims of domestic violence, substance abusers, and the like (Chamberlain, 2009). Meanwhile, the report categorized the homeless as follows: from between 60-70 percent are homeless for six months or more while 46 percent are considered temporarily dwelling with other households. Twenty percent were in improvised dwellings, tents or sleeping out, and another 22 percent and 12 percent were staying in boarding homes and SAAP-funded homes, respectively.
SAAP stands for Supported Accommodation Assistance Program. Based on reports about this survey, the study was made during the coldest months of the year, which experts said underestimated the exact true figures of homeless people in the said area. For this community assessment plan, we will look into the homeless community in Sydney's Central Business District. In one survey, it was reported that a quarter of homeless people in Australia live in NSW, where the City of Sydney is one of the 152 Local Councils in the said region.
Around June to September of 2005, there are 311 to 455 reported cases of homelessness in Sydney's Business District alone, based on the Australian Bureau of Statistics (Marquette, 2009). A more recent survey in 2009 revealed that in February 2009, there are up to 791 homeless people in the Local Government area (Marquette, 2009).