The paper 'Strategies for Behaviour Change and Fire Safety - Merseyside Station Area " is a good example of a management case study. A comparison of Merseyside station area fire incidences shows that these reduced by 6,536 in the 2007/2008 period as compared to 2004/05 which is our baseline. Out of this, secondary fires occurred 1,995 times less than in the baseline period. The incidences were studied over four years and the results showed that the City Centre station, C2/C3 recorded 8,158 incidents, which was the highest for the area. This number could be attributed to the fact that 66.3% of the incidents reported were false alarms.
Single Dwelling House Fires were highest at C4 Low Hill, which recorded consistently over 100 house fires annually. Secondary fires recorded saw E1 St Helens and N3 Croxteth being constantly among the top three. The former recorded 3,994 secondary fires while the latter had 3,807. This was followed by E3 Huyton which had 3,182. This essay will attempt to assess the statistical information available for Merseyside in this four-year period and come up with a strategy in which the community’ s safety can be upgraded in at-risk areas. Risk Assessment In order to assess societal risk, it is first necessary to characterize it.
Therefore, the societal risk is defined as the measure of risk a group of people faces. Mathematically, it is illustrated as the frequency distribution of multiple casualty events (F-N curve). Another way to express it is that given the probability of 100 fatalities at place x, then y becomes the societal risk measure. In order to accurately estimate societal risk, it is necessary to describe the population which is at risk within the location, x.
This encompasses the type of population, chances of human presence at the scene of the incident and extenuating factors (Renjith and Madhu, 2010). The Merseyside population is divided by station areas which are labelled as outlined in the figure below; Figure 1: Map of Station areas in Merseyside There are several societal risks that exacerbate the possibility of fire in the community. Some of these risks are; From Chart 2 in the Merseyside report (2009) it can be seen that the largest percentage at 39.7% of fires reported were secondary fires stemming from bonfires, abandoned buildings, and rubbish fires.
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