Community SafetyFires in Overpopulated High-Rise Temporary Housing for WorkersSARA TableScanningFire occurs in high temporary housing because of careless cooking in overpopulated workers accommodation. Ignorance of fire safety and disregard of employer and building owner to fire safety regulation. Lack of strick implementation or enforcement of the law. AnalysisCooking contributes to occurrence of most fires. Another is electrical supply tampering and misuse of appliances. The temporary housing is unsuitable for workers accommodation. Failure of local authorities to implement the law and effectively educate the public. ResponseFire safety education and strict enforcement of the fire safety regulations.
AssessmentStatistics shows that fire safety education programme reduces fire occurrence and fatalities. In the UK, the “Fire Kills” campaign successfully reduced various fire related incidents since 1996.IntroductionIn the UK, many believes that the potentially most effective approach to crime reduction is one that involves a variety of agencies, engages the local community and integrates a number of different preventive strategies. Subsequently, such multi-pronged initiatives are increasingly being coordinated and implemented under the community safety agenda pursued by Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships or CDRPs. The successful maintenance of community safety depends largely on the willingness of the public to assist the authorities, and especially the police, by reporting crime and giving information.
Community safety is understood as the right of all people to live in their town with no fear or anxiety for themselves and others. Various groups have been formed to carry out required actions, the police and fire brigade, tenants, enterprises, and others. The purpose of this paper is to develop a strategy in response to fire incidents at high-rise temporary housing for workers. Through application of the SARA methodology, this report will attempt to find out the real problem, accountability of the people involve, the appropriate response to prevent such incidents, and assessment of proposed response effectiveness. The SARA MethodologySARA or scanning, analysis, response, and assessment method was developed in the early 1990s in line with problem-oriented partnership approaches focusing on identifying the root causes of a problem and attacking the problem so that crimes are stopped before they begin.
The purpose of ‘scanning’ is to become aware of local concerns, issues and priorities. “An observation of more than two incidents of a similar nature that are linked by time, location, type of crime or disorder” (Leipnik and Albert 2003, p. 128).
One could very community concerns by ‘analyzing’ reports on incidents to see if they are repetitive, or if they have relationships to other incidents. Analysis is reviewing the details of individual incidents in order to gain an intuitive understanding of the problem and related elements. The who, what, when, where, and why of the incident. A ‘response’ is being aware of resources that can be use to address the problem.
A tactical action plan involving multi-agency approaches. Assessment is the post-facto assessment of issues and re-examination of the problem to evaluate whether the responses were successful or not (Chu 2001, p. 34). ScanningHigh-rise fires are labour intensive and provide many obstacles to rapid fire extinguishment. Empirical evidence reveals that flashover can occur at 10 minutes, and the loss of elevators typically occurs approximately 20 minutes into the operation. Fire environment, fire floor location, building construction, and unreliable water supply dramatically increase operational problems in high-rise buildings (Bangash 2006, p. 50).
High-rise fires increased stress on fire fighters at the same time that they drain energy resources. During a high-rise fire, a department usually assign more companies to do the work and consumes more work force and resources (International Association of Fire Chiefs 2004, p. 599). Apparently, personnel needs would differ significantly between a small-detached structure fire and a high-rise fire (Cote 2003, p. 131). Smoke and flame movement in high-rise structures is very different from other structures. It often contains multiple types of occupancies and each type presents challenges that must be approached differently.
Exits from high-rises are limited, and emergency evacuation is difficult (Purpura 2007, p. 303).