What challenges does globalization present for the comparative criminological Endeavour? IntroductionComparative criminology is described as the study of the social phenomenon of crime among different cultures, to help in identifying similarities and differences in crime patterns across the respective cultures. It is, therefore, an endeavor applied in the analysis of crime patters in different regions across the globe and over different cultures especially by the crime departments in order to understand the causes of crime and their perseverance level. It is one of the best approaches in handling crime as different solutions can be identified for respective regions depending on the outcomes in terms of causes and subjects involved.
On the other hand, Globalization is a process understood to integrate societies, cultures and regional economies through a global network of transportation, trade and communication. It means, therefore, that they become integrated as one and the same thing. This paper looks into challenges that globalization presents for the comparative criminological endeavor. Looking at the concept of globalization, the integration of societies has made it difficult for the comparisons as it narrows the differences across regions.
Globalization has also integrated new technological advances that have integrated crimes. For instance, wireless communications and the more advances including the Internet have brought regions across the globe closer and made transactions and crimes easier than before. In this case it has been through globalization that cooperation of criminals across the globe has been facilitated internationally, therefore, making it hard to develop a comparative analysis across the regions. In the globalized era, criminals across the respective regions think global, and act locally an issue that has been of considerable challenge to comparative analysis as the thoughts have been integrated together with the governments having a hard time in differentiating the forms of crime being committed.
The growth of technology owed to globalization enriches the knowledge of individual criminals of any region geographically across the world. For instance, the use of cyber space has been an enormous avenue for criminals to commit crimes, therefore, helping them hone up cultural skills. The sharpening up of cultural skills, therefore, has challenged comparative analysis as there seems to be a similarity in the types of crimes being committed and the subjects involved do have such similarities.
Instead, the analysis of crime has been rather global that specific to particular regions due to this integration. As a result of globalization, criminals have become easily familiarized with the respective local cultures of a given region; however, it becomes exceptionally difficult for the law enforcement agencies of a given region to learn and understand the local culture of another region meaning that the comparative analysis remains a riddle for the respective regions. The agencies conducting the comparative analysis will need to develop a good relationship or sign up some treaties with other regions of which this becomes difficult for the subjects involved.
With the globalization of cyber space, crimes ideally of physical space are perpetually globalized long back. Finally, globalization has brought in new crimes in respective regions for instance gambling, drug trade, sex crimes and money laundering outsourced from other regions and become part of the particular region. Therefore, a comparative analysis is rather invalid as some of the identified crimes in a given region are rather outsourced elsewhere and not from the given region.