The paper "Comparing and Contrasting Taylor, Fayol and Weber’ s Management Theories" is a perfect example of management coursework. The success of any business relies largely on the efficiency of management, which makes management an important part of any organization (Cole, 2004). Management basically refers to the coordination of both physical and human resources to achieve the set objectives by an organization. There are many theories that explain the concept of management. However, this essay focuses on three theories, which are associated with three famous management theorists. Fredrick Taylor is known as the father of scientific management and is one of the pioneer management theorists whose theories still apply even today.
The other two theorists are Max Weber and Henry Fredric whose management theories are still used in modern society. The purpose of this essay, therefore, is to compare and contrast Taylor, Fayol and Weber’ s management theories by first looking at their biography and then compare and contrast their management perspectives. Frederick Winslow Taylor is referred to as the father of scientific management because of its role he played in coming up with scientific management theory, which sometimes is referred to as Taylorism.
Taylor was born in 1856 in Germantown located in Pennsylvania and he passed on in the year 1915. He was an American engineer and a profound inventor who specialized in industrial management (Wren & Bedeian, 1994). Even though he had no formal training in management, he relied on his experience, which he gained while working from the shop floor at Midvale to come up with a scientific management perspective. Taylor is one of the first people to study the work process scientifically.
His philosophy was based on a belief that creating a system that makes employees work as hard as they can is less efficient compared to the work is done. Therefore, he came up with an idea that reduces the time an employee takes doing a particular task by optimizing the way that a particular task is done (Taylor, 2004). Consequently, in 1909, he published a book known as The Principles of Scientific Management, which he used to advance the idea that optimizing and simplifying tasks increase productivity. He proposed that workers and the management should cooperate with one another and he believed that workers are motivated by money.
His interest in efficiency, therefore, led to Taylor coming up with a scientific management perspective. Another management theorist who played a vital role in coming up with the management perspective that is applied even in the current modern world is Henry Fayol. Fayol was born in 1841 and he died in 1925. He was a French mining engineer who studied at a mining school in Saint-Entiene where he graduated as a mining engineer (Peaucelle & Guthrie, 2013).
He came to fame after successfully fighting underground coal mine and his principles were based on resource acquisition and centralization. His book titled General and Industrial Management became a fundamental management reference that is used even today. Fayol believed in the arrangement and coordination of production, sales, and accounting (Wren & Bedeian, 1994). Fayol had many contributions to the field of management, which are still applied in modern economies. He came up with the five functions of management and the fourteen principles of management. He also developed administration management theory and he took management as a profession where managers can be trained and developed (Wren & Bedeian, 1994).
In addition, Fayol believed in the anticipation of the future through preparation and planning. He, therefore, believed in the administrative management school of thought.
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