Essays on Policy Framework for Transport Industry in Canada and the USA Case Study

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The paper 'Policy Framework for Transport Industry in Canada and the USA' is a great example of a Macro and Microeconomics Case Study. The transport industry plays a critical role in the development of a country’ s health and economy. It comprises rail, road and air modes of transport. Transport promotes intra-state and inter-state trade. It enhances mobility among citizens to sources of livelihoods. It also promotes access to health and other social services. Many countries have formulated different policies to help regulate the transport industry with the aim of maximizing their output while at the same time minimizing the inputs in terms of energy consumption.

This essay attempts to compare the transport policies as established in the USA and Canada with the ultimate goal of identifying the transport policy that has more capacity in promoting a more sustainable transport industry in the respective country. The transport industry plays a critical role in the development of a country’ s health and economy. It comprises rail, road and air modes of transport. Transport promotes intra-state and inter-state trade. It enhances mobility among citizens to sources of livelihoods.

It also promotes access to health and other social services. However, transport remains one of the high-energy consuming sectors in many countries, both in developed and developing countries. In 2001 for instance, the transport sector consumed 32.3% of the EU’ s total energy, 28.7 percent in Canada, and a total of 26.8 percent of all the energy consumed in the United States of America (Hill, 2002). In view of the crucial role the transport sector plays in the economic and social growth of a nation and the challenges associated with it, there have been concerns on how to make this sector as sustainable as possible.

Many countries have formulated different policies to help regulate the transport industry with the aim of maximizing their output while at the same time minimizing the inputs in terms of energy consumption. This essay attempts to compare the transport policies as established in the USA and Canada with the ultimate goal of identifying the transport policy that has more capacity in promoting a more sustainable transport industry in the respective country. The development of a sustainable transport system depends on how it is perceived by the political class and the general public.

It is therefore important that any transport policy that aims at achieving a sustainable transport system addresses the concerns of all the stakeholders. Such policies ought to strive to win the much crucial political will as public confidence (Clarke, 2003). Available literature indicates that even though both the USA and Canada aim at achieving a more sustainable transport industry, the approach that has been adopted by the two countries appears to be different.

Since the1960s and 70s, the USA has been trying to reduce the emission of harmful gases by initiating more ‘ strict’ rules and regulations for guiding all the players in the industry. However, the USA has not succeeded in controlling the emission of Carbon dioxide, which still remains one of the major destroyers of the Ozone Layer. The transport policies in the USA and Canada have some commonness in the use of diesel fuel. The policies in both courtiers discourage the use of diesel in the transport sector. The USA’ s air control policies have not put much emphasis reduction of dangerous emissions.

The USA has never signed the Kyoto Protocol whose main objective has been to reduce the depletion of the ozone layer. The USA contributes a quarter of the total global emission of greenhouse gases. In the USA, the government has made impressive efforts in the protection of the environment since the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the 1970s (EPA, 2004). The successive USA governments have made efforts in improving vehicle technology by designing environment-friendly vehicles. Such efforts have also been characterized by the governments’ willingness to allocate more funds to reform the public transport sector.

Policies that encourage the public to walk or use bicycles have also been formulated in the USA. However, the policies have fallen short in reducing the frequency of using the motorized means of transport as well as complicating the process of acquiring the motorized means of transport in the USA (EC, 2001).

References

Banister, D. (2003). Critical pragmatism and congestion charging in London. International Social Science Journal, 176, 249-264.

Clarke, A. (2003). Green modes and US transport policy: TEA-21. In R. Trolley (Ed.),

Sustainable transport (pp.433-449). Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing.

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (2004). State sustainability plans: global warming. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.

Environment Canada. (2004). Canada’s greenhouse gas inventory 1990-2002. Retrieved from http://www.ec.gc.ca/pdb/ghg/1990_02_report/toc_e.cfm

European Commission. (2001). European transport policy for 2010: time to decide. Retrieved from http://europa.eu.int.

Hill, E. (2002). Extra cash or free parking? Sacramento: Legislative Analyst’s Office.

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